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List of fruitsHere are lists of all the fruits considered edible in some cuisine. Note that many are considered to be true fruits vegetables in the culinary sense (for example, the tomato), and hence do not appear in this article. There exist also many fruits that are edible but for various reasons have not become popular.
temperate climates are almost universally borne on trees or woody shrubs or lianas. They will not grow adequately in the tropics, as they need a period of cold (a chilling requirement) each year before they will flower. The apple, pear, cherry, and plum are the most widely grown and eaten, owing to their adaptability. Many other fruits are important regionally but do not figure prominently in commerce. Many sorts of small fruit on this list are gathered from the wild, just as they were in Neolithic times.
The Family Rosaceae dominates the temperate fruits, both in numbers and in importance. The pome fruits, stone fruits, brambles, strawberry, and rosehip are fruits of plants in Rosaceae.
The stone fruits, drupes of Apple and crabapple ( Malus spp.)
Chokeberry also called cooking apple ( Aronia spp.)
Hawthorn ( Crataegus spp.)
Juneberry or saskatoon ( Amelanchier spp.)
Loquat ( Eryobotrya japonica)
Medlar ( Mespilus germanica)
Pomegranate ( Punica granatum)
Pear, European and Asian species ( Pyrus spp.)
Quince ( Cydonia oblonga and Chaenomeles spp.)
Rowan ( Sorbus spp.)
Service tree ( Sorbus domestica), the fruit known as sorb or sorb apple
Rose hip, the fruitlike base of roses ( Rosa spp.); used mostly for jams and herbal tea
genus : Prunus
Apricot ( Prunus armeniaca)
Cherry, sweet, sour, and wild species ( Prunus avium, P. cerasus, and others)
Plum, of which there are several domestic and wild species; dried plums are called prunes
Peach (of the normal and white variety) and its variant the nectarine ( Prunus persica)
Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the pluot
In non-technical usage,
means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The berry bramble fruits, compound fruits of genus , are some of the most popular pseudo-berries: Rubus
The true berries are dominated by the
family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:
Other berries not in the Rosaceae or Ericaceae:
Fruits of Asian origin
Some fruits native to Asia that were not common elsewhere until the 20th century:
Fruits of American origin
Some other tree fruits native to North America that are eaten in a small way:
Buffaloberry ( Shepherdia argenta; Elaeagnaceae), which grows wild in the prairies of Canada
American grape: North American species (e.g., Vitis labrusca; Vitaceae) and American-European hybrids are grown where Vitis vinifera is not hardy and are used as rootstocks
Pawpaw ( Asimina triloba; Annonaceae), not to be confused with Carica papaya, which is called pawpaw in some English dialects)
American persimmon ( Diospyros virginiana; Ebenaceae)
Several cacti yield edible fruits, which are important traditional foods for some Native American peoples:
Some exceptions to the statement that temperate fruits grow on woody perennials are:
The accessory fruits, seed organs which are not botanically berries at all::
A few vegetables are sometimes colloquially, but incorrectly, termed as "fruit" in the kitchen:
Mediterranean and subtropical fruits
Fruits in this category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the preceding temperate fruits are, yet tolerate some frost and may have a modest chilling requirement. Notable among these are natives of the Mediterranean:
In the important genus
( Citrus Rutaceae), some members are tropical, tolerating no frost. All common species of commerce are somewhat hardy:
Other subtropical fruits: Citron ( Citrus medica)
Grapefruit and its predecesor the pommelo (also known as the shaddock) ( Citrus paradisi)
Key Lime ( Citrus aurantifolia)
Kumquat ( Fortunella spp.)
Lemon ( Citrus limon)
Lime ( Citrus aurantifolia x medica) (an important hybrid of the Key Lime and the Citron)
Mandarin ( Citrus reticulata), clementine ( Citrus reticulata var. Clementine), tangelo ( Citrus tangelo), tangerine, and similar
Orange, of which there are sweet ( Citrus sinensis) and sour ( Citrus aurantium) species
Ugli fruit, a hybrid
Tropical fruit grow on plants of all habitats. The only characteristic that they share is an intolerance of frost.
Akee ( Blighia sapida)
Banana and its starchy variant the plantain ( Musacea spp.)
Breadfruit ( Artocarpus altilis)
Burmese grape ( Baccaurea sapida)
CamuCamu ( Myrciaria dubia)
Carambola ( Averrhoa carambola), also called star fruit
Cempedak ( Artocarpus champeden)
Cherimoya ( Annona cherimola)
Coconut ( Cocos spp.)
Custard apple ( Annona reticulata)
Dragonfruit ( Hylocereus spp.), also called pitaya
Durian ( Durio spp.)
Guarana ( Paullinia cupana)
Jackfruit ( Artocarpus heterophyllus), also called nangka
Keppel fruit ( Stelechocarpus burakol)
Langsat ( Lansium domesticum), also called longkong or duku
Mabolo, ( Diospyros discolor) also known as a velvet persimmon
Mamey sapote ( Pouteria sapota)
Mamoncillo ( Melicoccus bijugatus), also known as quenepa or genip
Mango ( Mangifera indica)
Mangosteen ( Garcinia mangostana)
Marang ( Artocarpus odoratissima), a breadfruit relative
Papaya ( Carica papaya)
Peanut butter fruit ( Bunchosia argentea)
Pineapple ( Ananas comosus)
Poha ( Physalis peruviana)
Rambutan ( Nephelium lappaceum)
Rose apple ( Eugenia/Syzygium aquem), also called Malay apple
Salak ( Salacca edulis), also called snakefruit
Sapodilla ( Achras/Manilkara zapota), also called chiku, sapadilla, snake fruit, sawo
Soursop ( Annona muricata), also called Guanabana
Sugar apple ( Annona squamosa)
Tamarind ( Tamarindus indica)
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