The term information system has the following meanings:
1. A system, whether automated or manual, that comprises people, machines, and/or methods organized to collect, process, transmit, and disseminate data that represent user information.
2. Any telecommunications and/or computer related equipment or interconnected system or subsystems of equipment that is used in the acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of voice and/or data, and includes software, firmware, and hardware
The simplest model that describes the Structure and Behaviour of an Information System takes five objects:
Repositories, hold data permanent or temporarily, such as buffers, RAM, hard disks, cache, etc.
Interfaces, exhange information with the non-digital world, such as keyboards, speakes, scanners, printers, etc.
Channels, connect repositories, such as buses, cables, wireless links, etc. A Network is a set of logical or physical channels.
Services; provide value to users or to other services via messages interchange.
Messages; carries a meaning to users or services.
Source: Vicente Aceituno
3. In the mathematical area of domain theory, a Scott information system (after its inventor Dana Scott) is a mathematical structure that provides an alternative representation of Scott domains and, as a special case, algebraic lattices.
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