PentathlonThe pentathlon (as opposed to the modern pentathlon) was an athletics event in the Olympic Games and other Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece.
The name derives from Greek words for "five competitions." The five events were stadion (a short foot race), wrestling, which were also separate events, and the long jump, javelin throw and discus throw, which were not separate events. Pentathletes were considered to be among the most skilled athletes, and their training was often part of military service - each of the five events was thought to be useful in battle.
The winner of the stadion was considered the champion of the entire Games, and was often the only name remembered in connection with a particular Games. If the same man won the long jump, discus throw, and javelin throw, there was no need hold the stadion and wrestling events, although they would still be held separately. Wrestling was held in a sand pit, at the Olympic Games outside the Temple of Zeus, while the other events were all held in the stadion (or stadium, from which the name of the race was taken). Wrestling and the discus throw were essentially the same as their modern versions, but the others had slight differences. The javelin throw used a leather strap, rather than having the athlete grip the shaft of the javelin itself (this probably made the javelin travel farther than a modern javelin does). The stadion was a sprint of 200 yards (or about 180 meters), longer than the modern 100 meter sprint, but shorter than the other ancient running events.
The long jump is perhaps the most unusual, compared to the modern version. A long jumper used weights called halteres to propel himself farther, and his jump probably consisted of three separate leaps; otherwise, distances of known jumps (which are often as far as 50 feet) would seem to be impossible.
Competitors in the javelin and discus throws were given five throws each, and only their farthest throw would count. It is possible that the long jump was also done five times.
All of these events were performed naked.
Source | Copyright
Webmasters: Add your website here:
Readers: Edit |
Includes results, rules, FAQ, calendar, history, and related links. Also provides US team profiles and champions from 1991.
HickokSports.com: History: Modern Pentathlon
Features a short history of the sport and a list of all Olympic champions.
Union International de Pentathlon Moderne
Recognized by the International Olympic Committee as the world governing body for the sport. Includes news, rules, competitions, results, links, and a forum.
Modern Pentathlon Victoria
History, organization, athletes, calendar, news.
British Columbia Modern Pentathlon Association
Provides news, competitions calendar, spectator guide, along with athlete development, assistance and profiles. Scoring, rules and links are also featured.
Alberta Modern Pentathlon Association
Provincial governing body promoting the sport in Alberta, Canada. News, rules, forms, links, events calendar and classified ads.
Oxford University Modern Pentathlon Association
Offers information on the sport, and the organization's training and competition schedule, along with a mailing list and code of conduct for membership.
Modern Pentathlon Australia
Information, history, calendar, results, athletes, forum, and links.
Cambridge University Modern Pentathlon Club
Offers details on training, social and competitive events calendar, news, photo gallery and links.
Modern Pentathlon Sweden
The official site with information, results, photographs, and links.
Official web site for the Scottish Modern Pentathlon Association includes information about the organization and description of this event.
Guide featuring the sport's history, disciplines, competitions, and scoring system.
Modern Pentathlon Association of Great Britain
Covers events in Britain and includes membership information.
Hellenic Modern Pentathlon Federation
Official site featuring organization information, national and international events, photos, and links.
Official site, features athletic and journalism biography, gallery and general information on the sport.