Before and After ScienceBefore and after Science is a 1977 album by Brian Eno. It is less experimental than its predecessor Another Green World. The songs in the first half (Side 1 of the original album) are energetic, while those in the second half (side 2) are languid and pastoral.
- "No one receiving"
- "Kurt's rejoinder"
- "Energy fools the magician"
- "King's lead hat"
- "Here he comes"
- "Julie with"
- "By this river"
- "Through hollow lands"
- "Spider and I"
- The song "Kurt's rejoiner" features a sample of Dada artist Kurt Schwitters.
- "Kings Lead Hat" is an anagram of Talking Heads, and the song is indeed a Talking Heads pastiche.
- In the booklet inluded are four pictures of lithographs made by Peter Schmidt. Early vinyl copies of the album included copies of the lithographs themselves.
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There is a lot of useful material for researchers in the History of Science (both beginners and the more experienced) here, but you will have to dig a bit through the site. From Professor Ronald Tobey of the University of California, Riverside.
The Galileo Project
An extensive resource on the life, the times, and the work of Galileo Galilei.
Catalog of the Scientific Community in the 16th and 17th Centuries
A collection of 631 detailed biographies of scientists. Part of the Galileo project, and compiled by the late Richard S. Westfall. The collection is searchable, but there does not appear to be a contents page.
Science and Engineering Indicators: 2000
Report by the National Science Board and National Science Foundation on US science and technology, including education and R&D, from World War II to the end of the 20th century.
Events in Science, Mathematics and Technology
Neil Brandt's timeline covers historic highlights from classical mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, astronomy, cosmology, mathematics, and technology.
A Science Odyssey
Presents the people and the discoveries of 20th century science and technology in a variety of accessible, and interactive Web features. Based on the PBS television series.
Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford
Library calalog, image library, and numerous virtual exhibits available online.
19th Century Scientific American
Though very different from todays Scientific American Magazine, the articles of the 19th Century Scientific American is a nice read for students of this period.
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Scientific Revolution
Dibner Institute for History of Science and Technology
Research center at MIT, sponsors Fellows programs.
Ancient Greek Science
Learn about the scientists of Ancient Greece, what they have contributed to science, and information about their background.
Selection Of Web And Other Internet Sources And Addresses
Long list of internet resources in the field of the history of science.
Web site of The History of the Philosophy of Science Working Group.
History of Russian Science
WWW Virtual Guide to the History of Russian and Soviet Science and Technology
Institute and Museum of History of Science - Florence, Italy
The museum and web site are particularly rich resources for the life and work of Galileo.
Echo Science and Technology Virtual Center
Incorporating the WWW Virtual Library for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, established in 1994.
Internet for History and Philosophy of Science
A free "teach yourself" tutorial on Internet information skills for historians and philosophers of science.
History of Optics
Timeline of optical discoveries and theories, from Euclid to the laser.
History of Science and Ethics Internet Resources
Links to museums, historical instruments galleries, electronic publications, papers, e-mail groups and books
Robert Grosseteste's Imagination Symbol. Play Grosseteste Roulette!
Lots of links to pages concerned with this important mediÃ¦val scientist, although presented in a rather unorthodox manner.
Writing On Hands: Memory and Knowledge in Early Modern Europe
An exhibition of scientific illustrations concerning the hand in renaissance anatomy, psychology, mathematics, music, rhetoric, religion, palmistry, and alchemy.
The Antikythera Mechanism
An ancient greek geared mechanism, apparently a device for astronomical calculation.
Internet History of Science Sourcebook
Links to documents and Web resources pertaining to the history of science including original texts from great scientific thinkers.
A Science and Technology Odyssey
A Timeline of the History of Science and Technology from 20,000 BC to 1800.
Epact: Scientific Instruments of Medieval and Renaissance Europe
Epact is an online database of medieval and Renaissance scientific instruments made before 1600 A.D.
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
Located in Berlin, Germany. Publications and preprints, online primary sources, information about the institute, and links.
Women in Science and Medicine
Some brief biographies, and interactive quizzes on female scientists.
History of Evolutionary Thought
A timeline with information on major contributors to biology, geology, and paleontology from Aristotle up to the 20th century. From the UC Berkeley Museum of Paleontology.
Science & Discovery Audio Tapes
Sells lectures on the history of science on audiocassete.
International Union of History and Philosophy of Science - Division of History of Science
Information on the organization, together with a links page and listings of upcoming conferences.
Today in Science History
Memorializes births and deaths of famous and not so famous scientists of the past, and other events in science history. Searchable.
Birr Castle Demesne
A science museum in Ireland devoted to the astronomical, engineering botantical and photographical work of the Parsons family.
The Scientific Revolution HomePage
Study Guide, Timelines, Biographies, Glossaries, Diagrams, Flash Movies, Searchable Catalogue of Sci-Rev Community, Bibliographies, Links, Original Research.
Philosophy, Science and Technology in India
History of rational philosophy, scientific method, epistomology and technology in ancient India.
A chronology from the 7th millenium BC to the present day, with brief explanations of events in the history of Western natural philosophy and sciences.
A biographical, bibliographical and archival database of more than 3,000 Australian scientists with links to related articles and images.
Faith and Reason.
On the historical interactions of science and religion. (From PBS.)
About Daylight Saving Time
History from Benjamin Franklin to the present. U.S. law and practice. Worldwide time change dates.
From Antiquity to Einstein
Lecture notes from Jose Wudka of the University of California, Riverside.
The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
Documents the historical formation and cultural foundations of the movement to conserve and protect America's natural heritage.
Museum of Microscopy
A virtual museum of microscopes, ranging from the earliest 16th century European instruments to modern microscopes from around the world.
A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom
Complete text of the 1896 classic by Andrew Dickson White.
Green Lion Press
A small independant book publisher specializing in history of mathematics and history of science. Includes information on ordering, books available, and how to contact them.
Linus Pauling and the Twentieth Century : Virtual Tour of the Pauling Exhibit
Information on the life and work of one of the 20th century's most important chemists.
Calendars Through the Ages
History and FAQs of various calendars, including Julian, Gregorian, Jewish, Islamic, Chinese, and Mayan. Astronomy, years, months, and days of the week.
'Lost Discoveries': The Non-Western Roots of Science
New York Times review of book by Dick Teresi on the contributions of Babylonians, Egyptians, Arabs, Indians, Chinese, Polynesians and Mesoamericans to the growth and development of the sciences. [Requires free registration.]
Biographies and Nobel Lectures of the prizewinners, from the Nobel Foundation.
Darwin-L Archives on the Historical Sciences
Archives of messages and supporting materials from Darwin-L, a professional discussion group on the history and theory of the historical sciences.
Resources in the History of Science and Technology
A directory of online and print resources from the University of Alberta library.
History of Science in the United States
Bibliographies of reference and other works, including original sources, and an indexed chronology of American science 1790-1910.
National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists
Catalogue of archives of the papers of contemporary British scientists.
History of Remote Sensing
Gives some hallmarks in the history of remote sensing, which, when tied to human history, have profoundly changed the way we view and understand our world.
An exposition of Mayan calendar glyphs.
History of Science
Book reviews from The Bactra Review.
A small description of Ptolemy's famous map.
An international catalogue of mediaeval scientific manuscripts.
People of Ideas (Philosophers, Scientists and Theologians)
Brief biographies of many key figures, from ancient Greece to the late 20th century. By Presbyterian minister Miles Hodges.
4000 Years of Women in Science
Women's contributions to Science, from Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century.
History of the Physical Sciences in India
Essay outlining developments in the study of physics and chemistry in India. Lists some of the early atomic theories, as well as insights gathered in the fields of astronomy, optics, sound, and other branches of physics.
Archive for history of science of the Natural History Museum, Vienna
Information about the Archive's collections of Letters (e.g. Goethe, Humboldt) and drawings (e.g Ferdinand Lucas Bauer).
SJSU Virtual Museum
Biographies from the history of mathematics, science, and technology.
Profiles in Science
Biographical information and archival collections of several prominent twentieth-century American biomedical scientists.
Sixty Centuries of Copper
A history of copper mining, the development of metal-working processes and the uses of copper through the past six thousand years; originally published in 1965.
ECHO: Exploring and Collecting History Online
Dedicated to using the internet to collect and assemble (for the historical record) personal recollections of recent developments in science and technology, and to encouraging others to undertake similar projects. Includes a directory of history of science and technology websites.
History of Phrenology on the Web
Phrenology, though now generally discredited, was an important historical precursor of later developments in psychology and neuroscience. Contains essays, related images, a large bibliography, and digitized books.
Eric's Treasure Trove of Scientific Biography
Biography for a large number of scientists from Eric's good Treasure Trove project.
Some Early Microscopes from the Optical Institute in Wetzlar
Carl Kellner founded what was named the Optical Institute in Wetzlar Germany in 1849. By 1851 he employed twelve workmen and was producing his first microscopes.
The Scientific Revolution
The year 1543 may be taken as the beginning of the scientific revolution, for it was then that Copernicus published The Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies and Vesalius, On the Structure of the Human Body. Within a century and a half, man's conception of himself and the universe he inhabited was altered, and the scholastic method of reasoning was replace by new scientific methods.
History of Salt
Sodium chloride in history, with many links to further relevant material. From the Salt Institute.
History of Childhood and Youth
Jesuits and the Sciences: 1540-1995
An exhibit of rare scientific works from the Cudahy Collection of Jesuitica.
Reviews of History of Science books
Reviews, by Danny Yee, of a range of books on the history of science, mostly popular titles.
Isaac Newton Links
From The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences.
International Commission on History of Meteorology
Information about the commission and about meetings discussion the history of meteorology.
Scientific Societies in the Second Golden Age of Dutch Science, 1850-1914
From the doctoral dissertation of Ilja Nieuwland.
Commentary On The Effects of Electricity On Muscular Motion
Facsimile of Galvani's original and an English translation.
Science and You
Several articles, mostly on history and philosophy of science, aimed at a lay audience.
Giambattista della (John Baptist) Porta (1537?-1615), was a Neapolitan scholar of notable ability who had devoted great attention to the study of natural and physical science. Compendeum of life's work, completed in 1584. 1658 English Translation.
Anyone Vague Science Essays
Twentieth century scientists write about their discoveries and about the value of science.
History of Science and Technology
A timeline of the history of science that can be organized by either date, or alphabetically by scientist's name, with (very) basic data and some links. Also provides a list of popularizing books on the subject.
Muslims in Science
Biographical sketches of many of the greatest contributors to the development of scientific thought from within the Islamic tradition.
Who invented the thermometer?
Timeline showing the development of the thermometer from Galileo to Kelvin.
The Cosmic Elk, science, history and the history of science
Webpages, articles, and books on science, history and the history of science, including the history of astronomy, Tudor history and the history of Siberia.
History of the Human Sciences
Quarterly interdisciplinary print journal, with information about its scope, purpose, and manuscript submission guidelines, as well as tables of contents back to 1997.
In Our Time: The Scientist in History
BBC Radio 4 discussion program on the historical emergence of the profession and social role of the scientist.
In Our Time: The Lunar Society of Birmingham
BBC Radio 4 discussion of an organization that had a major impact on the science and technology of the industrial revolution era in England.
In Our Time: History of Drugs
BBC Radio 4 discussion of the history of the use of narcotic and stimulant drugs in the arts and in medicine.
Science in the 19th century. Overview plus much specific information on themes, disciplines, and individuals.
History of Science
Resources page by Hugh Blackmer, Science Librarian at Washington & Lee University.
Islamic Alchemy in the Context of Islamic Science
Focus on chemistry, botany and medicine with overviews in other areas.
Ancient Greece: Science and Technology
Discusses early inventions, such as calculating devices, machines using gears, steam engines, war technology, and town planning. Some mathematicians included are Thales, Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes, and Appolonius. Some topical concepts covered are astronomical discoveries, prime numbers, evolution of the species, and measuring the circumference of the earth.
Carnegie Mellon University: Social Science History
Reports research findings of the organization that crosses time and location for comparisons. Includes related association links.
Muslim Scientists, Mathematicians and Astronomers Before European Renaissance, 700-1500 C.E.
Historical review of the Muslim contribution to humanity and Islamic Civilization. Gives biographies of scientists and describes their contributions and influence on European thought and discoveries.