BingoThis article is about the game known as bingo. Bingo province was an old province of Japan.
Bingo is a game of chance for two or more players. Each player is given a card marked with a grid containing a unique combination of numbers and, in some countries, blank spaces. The winning pattern to be formed on the card is announced. On each turn, a non-player known as the caller randomly selects a numbered ball from a container and announces the number to all the players. The ball is then set aside so that it cannot be chosen again. Each player searches his card for the called number, and if he finds it, marks it. The element of skill in the game is the ability to search one's card for the called number in the short time before the next number is called.
The caller continues to select and announce numbers until the first player forms the agreed pattern on his card and shouts out the name of the pattern or bingo. One of the most common patterns, called house in the United Kingdom and Australia and full card in Canada and the United States, simply consists of marking all the numbers on the card. Other common Canadian and American patterns are single line, two lines, centre cross, L, Y, inner square (4 X 4), roving square (3 X 3), and roving kite (a 3 X 3 diamond). On Canadian and American cards lines can be made horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. Inner and roving squares and kites must be completely filled; roving squares and kites may be made anywhere on the card.
Canadian and American games often have multiple bingos – for example, the players may first play for a single line, then after that is called continue playing for a full card, then for a consolation full card.
In Canada and the United States numbers are called slowly and players play large numbers of cards simultaneously (thirty is not an unusual number), usually marking the cards with special pens called dabbers. In most Canadian and American halls, consequently, the players sit at tables, to which they often fasten their cards with adhesive tape. At commercial halls, after calling the number the caller then displays the next number on a television monitor; bingo cannot be called until that number is called aloud, however. The numbers already called and the patterns being played are also displayed on electric signs.
Canadian and American cards are 5 X 5 grids of numbers only; dual dab cards have two numbers in each square. The highest number used is 75. The columns are headed with the letters of the word BINGO, and the letter is called with the number – for example, B-10, I-25, N-40, G-55, O-70. Each card has a unique identification number to permit quick verification by computer. All players calling bingo on the final ball split the winnings.
In the United Kingdom and Australia bingo cards have three rows and nine columns. Five squares in each row contain numbers ranging from 1 to 90 and the rest are blank. The numbers are usually called quickly, so players rarely play more than six cards.
There are traditional calls for the numbers. For example:
|7||Lucky for Some|
|8||One Fat Lady|
|13||Unlucky for Some|
|21||Key of the Door|
|22||Two Little Ducks|
|23||Thee and Me|
|37||More Than Eleven|
|51||Tweak of the Thumb|
|71||Bang on the Drum|
|79||One More Time|
|81||Stop and Run|
|86||Between the Sticks|
|88||Two Fat Ladies|
|90||Top of the Shop|
Bingo can be traced back to a game called Lotto, played in Italy in 1530. The bingo name comes from a corruption of the name Beano, the name of a form of bingo played in the United States in the 1920s. Beano was so called because beans were used to cover the numbers.
Two notable modern takeoffs on bingo have achieved some kind of status in American culture:
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Bingo Bags by Gini
Hand-made bingo bags with dauber holders and tie strings.
Supplier of bingo and gaming equipment.
Suppliers of bingo equipment worldwide.
Sells accessories such as paper, cards, cages/raffle drums, balls, furniture, marking devices, and electronic equipment.
Includes jewelry, daubers, cards and refills, markers, pulltabs, and electronic equipment masterboard.
Quality Bingo Supply Co.
Product range includes: raffle equipment, paper, pulltabs, pickles, and daubers.
King Of Bingo
Bingo supplies and bingo equipment, retail and wholesale for the individual player or organization.
Offering daubers, glue, paper, novelties and ball cages.
Design and sell electronic equipment to the amusement industry. Products include bingo and raffle machines . Includes product photographs and brief overviews .
Offering tickets, machines and party products.
Offering paper and cards, balls and cages, markers and daubers.
Bingo supplies and novelties.
Offers paper, ink daubers, equipment, repair and consulting, and novelty items.
Bazaar & Novelty
Canadian makers of the Power Play Bingo Console for computer control of multimedia bingo games.
Lucy Hammett Games
Offering an educational bingo game designed for children.
Bingo and raffle supplies including daubers and calling cards. Product catalog, specials, and contact details.
Mini Bingo Equipment
Bingo and raffle equipment, supplies, and accessories. Product catalog and contact details.
Offering cards, chips and daubers.
Includes paper, marker, daubers, and ink dabbers.
Sells daubers, cushions, card holders and t-shirts.