TechnologyTechnology has more than one definition. One is the development and application of tools, machines, materials and processes that help to solve human problems. As a human activity, technology predates both science and engineering.
The term technology thus often characterises inventions and gadgets using recently-discovered scientific principles and processes. However, even very old inventions such as the wheel exemplify technology.
Another definition -- used by economics -- sees technology as the current state of our knowledge of how to combine resources to produce desired products (and the our knowledge of what can be produced). Thus, we can see technological change when our technical knowledge increases.
Technology in ideology
Very often, new is assumed to mean "better" in technology and engineering circles. The notion of appropriate technology developed in the 20th century to describe situations where it was not desirable to use very new technologies or those that required access to some centralized infrastructure or parts or skills imported from elsewhere. The eco-village movement evolved in part due to this concern. Intermediate technology, more of an economics concern, refers to compromises between central and expensive technologies of developed nations and those which developing nations find most effective to deploy given an excess of labour, and scarcity of cash. In general, an "appropriate" technology will also be "intermediate".
Exactly contrary assumptions are made by those who promote transhumanism, posthumanism, technological singularity, which collectively were described as "Cosmist" views by Hugo de Garis. In these ideologies, technological development is morally good. These ideologies are seen as symptoms of scientism and mathematical fetishism by those who use those terms. Some consider them also to be symptoms of belief in capitalism.
In economics, definitions or assumptions of progress or growth are often related to one of more of the above assumptions. Challenging prevailing assumptions about technology and its usefulness has led to ideas like uneconomic growth or measuring well-being. These, and economics itself, can often be described as technologies, specifically, as persuasion technology - a concern covered in its own separate article.
Concepts in technology
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Institute for Flexible Automation, University of Technology, Vienna
Research fields comprise assembly automation, intelligent product development, machine vision and robot technologies.
Graduate Centre of Applied Technology
Information Technology education. Learn languages like Oracle, Visual Basic, C++, Java, and Active Server Pages.
GVU: Graphics, Visualization - Usability Center
Georgia Institute of Technology, GVU, inventing and teaching
Hyper Island School of New Media Design
A two-year university course in Sweden focused on on-line related technologies, products, services and businesses.
Cal Poly Materials Engineering
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA. Overview of courses, faculty and facilities.
The Systems Engineering at the University of South Australia
Provides non-resident research degrees in systems engineering at the master and doctoral levels.
Learnon Engineering Education Course Listings
Continuing Education for Engineering professionals.
Engineering and Technology Management
University of St. Thomas Mechanical Engineering and Management of Technology.
Technical writing courses for students at Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology, Toronto and the University of Guelph, Ontario.
Environmental Health Technology
University of Washington program on the health and environmental issues associated with air pollution, drinking water, wastewaters, food protection, and solid and hazardous wastes.
Aligarh Muslim University - Department of Electronics Engineering
Information about the Department of Electronics Engineering at the Zakir Hussein College of Engineering and Technology. Also includes news and a list of faculty.
Science Laboratory Technology Program
Two year program of study. Graduates work as technicians in research/development and quality assurance laboratories. Wet chemical methods, sophisticated chemical and biotechnological instrumental methods of analysis. Niagara County Community College
Sault College Engineering Technology
Civil, architecture, construction, and surveying studies.
Leak Testing Courses
Leak testing courses for Engineers and technicians.
Centers for Applied Competitive Technologies
The CACT centers offer adults continuing education programs and employers work force development programs focused on emerging manufacturing technologies.
International Flame Research Foundation Academy
The IFRF trains and educates combustion scientists and engineers in new technologies involved in industrial scale combustion processes
CyberU School of Technology
This guide to online technology courses provides a broad selection of online classes and learning resources, from database design to e-commerce and web development.
Directory of Engineering Colleges and Universities
Engineering industry educational institutions, very large link list.
Industrial Engineering Technology at Southern Mississippi
Courses taught include quality control, plant layout, production control and industrial simulation. Taught at the Hattiesburg and Gulf coast campuses.
Onera - French Aeronautics and Space Research Center
Covers all the scientific disciplines involved in aircraft, spacecraft and missile design.
British Columbia Institute of Technology
Bachelor of Technology Degree in Computer Systems