PsycholinguisticsPsycholinguistics or Linguistics of psychology
is the study of the psychological and neurological factors that enable humans to acquire, use and understand language.
It analyses the processes that make it possible to form a correct sentence out of vocabulary and grammatical structures. This process is called codification.
Psycholinguistics also studies the factors that account for decodification, i.e., the psychological structures that allow us to understand utterances, words, sentences, texts etc.
To give an example, one field of research deals with questions like 'How do people learn a second language?' and 'How do children learn their native language?'.
According to Noam Chomsky and his supporters, humans have an innate Universal Grammar (i.e., an abstract concept containing the grammatical rules of all world languages). Opponents of this view claim that language is learned only through social contact.
However, it is scientifically proven that every healthy human being has the innate ability to learn many languages, as many as one is exposed to for a long enough period of time. This period of time lengthens considerably after the onset of puberty, so that children can learn any language fairly rapidly wheareas adults may require years to learn a second or third language. It also seems to be the case that the more languages one knows, the easier it is to learn more.
Another aspect of psycholinguistics involves studying individual use of language to understand the mental processes of the individual, a potentially useful tool for psychologists.
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The Psychology of Language Page of Links
Maintained by Roger Kreuz at the University of Memphis. Over 400 links.
Bilingualism and Neurolinguistics Database
A collection of references to scientific work on bilingualism and neurolinguistics, provided by the University of Birmingham's School of Education.
SUNY Psycholinguistics Laboratory
Describes the research, personnel, publications and facilities of the Psycholinguistics Laboratory at the University at Buffalo.
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Lab with a focus on the neural bases of language. Their research suggests that vocabulary and grammar are associated with declarative and procedural memory systems.
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Summarizes existing models of speech perception and spoken word recognition. Provides key architectural features of each model, a glossary of terminology, and references.
Universidad Complutense de Madrid Language Acquisition Research Team (Equial )
Research team at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, working on the adaptation of the MacArthur CDI's to Spanish.
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Research program investigating the relation between children's spatial gestures and language specific semantic distinctions between Turkish, English and Japanese.
Provides professionals and researchers in the area of Psycholinguistics with information on the range of Book, Journal and Test publications produced by Psychology Press, a member of the Taylor & Francis Group.
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Home page of the research institute in Nijmegen.
Language Disorders Arena
Provides professionals and researchers in the area of Language Disorders and Aphasia with information on the range of Book, Journal and Test publications produced by Psychology Press, a member of the Taylor & Francis Group.
Psychological Experiments on Language Online
Take part in scientific studies that investigate human linguistic behavior
An interdisciplinary research project to foster fundamental research in the study of human and animal communication.
MSU Psycholinguistics and Visual Cognition Laboratory
Information on current projects, publications, graduate training, colloquia. Department of Psychology, Michigan State University.
University of Bielefeld Experimental Neurolinguistics Group
Homepage of the Experimental Neurolinguistics Group at the University of Bielefeld (Germany)
UCR Psycholinguistics & Computational Cognition Lab
Psycholinguistics Lab at the University of California, Riverside under the direction of Curt Burgess. The lab focuses on human empirical research and high-dimensional modeling of memory and language.
University of Antwerp - Center for Psycholinguistics
Home page of the Center for Psycholinguistics at the University of Antwerp. Includes research activities, staff member pages, and information about events.