ForensicsForensics or forensic science is the application of science to questions which are of interest to the legal system. For example, forensic pathology is the study of the human body to determine cause and manner of death. Criminalistics is the application of various sciences to answer questions relating to examination and comparison of biological evidence, trace evidence, impression evidence, drugs and firearms. Forensic odontology is the study of the uniqueness of dentition, and forensic toxicology is the study of drugs and poisons, and their effects on the human body.
Sherlock Holmes, the fictional character created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was, in fact, the inspiration for forensic science. Decades later, the comic strip, Dick Tracy also featured the detective using a considerable number of forensic methods although sometimes the methods were more fanciful. The popular television series depicts a glamorized version of the activities of forensic scientists.
Specialities in forensics include:
See Also: Individual Events, Debate (Forensics, as in Speech or Debate Competitions)
- Dead Reckoning: The New Science of Catching Killers Michael Baden, M.D., Former New York City Medical Examiner, and Marion Roach, Simon & Schuster, 2001, ISBN 0-684-86758-3
- Crime Science: Methods of Forensic Detection Joe Nickell and John F. Fischer, University Press of Kentucky, 1999, ISBN 0813120918.
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Forensic Science Division - Michigan State Police
Crime laboratory scientists and specialists at work. DNA, fingerprints, narcotics, firearms and toolmarks, polygraph, and trace evidence. Primary scientific sources, legal and law enforcement resources.
Kruglick's Forensic and Criminal Law
Resource claiming over a thousand links from law office in Mill Valley, California.
Forensic Science Service
History, organization, services, including government custodian of the National DNA Database. Also recruitment, qualifications, booklist and contacts for laboratories throughout England.
Zeno's Forensic Page
Extensive listing of links to forensic science, including medicine and psychology. Active message board and index of links to other sites, available in other languages from Den Haag, Netherlands.
Forensic Science Resources
The Tennessee Criminal Law Defense Resources link site for forensic science.
NIST in Law Enforcement
Outlines the development and improvement of forensic technologies; facial, fingerprint and DNA recognition, in the crime-fighting community by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland.
Perspectives on Crime and Justice lectures
Next conference in series for practitioners and researchers who deal with criminal justice, archives of previous meetings held throughout the States, from National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC.
Keith Murray' s Forensic Science
Provides an understanding of what forensic science entails, written by a corporate/legal/forensic investigator who holds a BA in Criminal Justice and an MA in Forensic Science, about to begin law school in the USA.
Crime-historian and Storyteller
List of programs on criminal history, folklore of crime, forensic science, with details of next public address by E. J. Wagner at the Museum of Long Island Natural Sciences at Stony Brook, NY.
Forensics and Other Evidence
List of links related to forensics and crime investigation and sponsors of About.com.
The use of geology and soil science in criminal and civil matters. The science is described and references are provided along with the author's personal and contact information in Missoula, MT.
Non-profit company offering objective technical support to state and local criminal justice agencies, particularly on emerging technologies confronting the community, through prototyping and testing at Falls Church, Virginia.
Introduction to Forensic Science
An award winning student site with introductory information about the field sponsored by Thinkquest.
List of articles and newsletter on law and public policy, intended for lawyers, forensic scientists, public officials and tutors worldwide.
Reddy's Forensic Home Page
Links relating to ballistics, gunprints, wound analysis, software, chemistry, narcotics and other subdisciplines, organizations and agencies from New York City.
National Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory
Overview of specialties in morphology, genetics, criminalistics, pathology performed for US government, and offering technical support against animal related crime worldwide from Ashland, Oregon.
Kyiv Institute of Forensic Science
Educational resource, including history, development, forum from part of the Ministry of Justice, Kiev, Ukraine.
Lee, Dr. Henry
Overview of the topic from founder and professor of the Forensic Science Program at the University of New Haven, editor of academic journals, article and book author, and Chief Emeritus of the Connecticut State Police.
Various resources with global content from Canada.