ArboretumAn arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study.
An arboretum specialising in growing conifers is known as a pinetum.
According to the eleventh edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911, the term was first used by J. C. Loudon in 1838 in a book on arboreta and fruit trees.
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The Westonbirt Arboretum, near Tetbury, Gloucestershire, England, was founded around 1828 as the private tree collection of Captain Robert Holford at the Holford estate. The gardenesque style of garden design encouraged the placing and grouping of plants to display them at their best, and an arboretum, aside from its intrinsic botanical interest as a collection of woody plants, was a gardenesque planting on a large scale. Holford planted in open fields and laid out rides before he rebuilt the house. Planting at Westonbirt was continued by his son, George Holford. Eventually the estate passed to the government in lieu of death duties and was opened to the public.
The first public 'arboretum' was Derby Arboretum, laid out by J.C. Loudon, and donated to the citizens of Derby by Joseph Strutt, September 1840, The Derby Arboretum was the first landscaped public park in England.
In 1859 it was visited by Frederick Law Olmsted on his European tour of parks, and it had an influence on the planting in Central Park, New York. Loudon wrote a catalog of the trees in Derby Arboretum, 1840; unfortunately, industrial pollution killed most of the original plantings by the 1880s, but it is currently being renovated and replanted closer to Loudon's original layout.
Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts is one of the oldest, largest, and most famous arboreta in the United States. It was established in 1872 on 265 acres (107 hectares) of land in the Jamaica Plain section of Boston and was guided for many years by Charles Sprague Sargent who was appointed the Arboretum's first director in 1873 and spent the following 54 years shaping the policies and programs. By an arrangement with the city of Boston, the Arnold Arboretum became part of the famous "Emerald Necklace," the 7-mile-long network of parks and parkways that Frederick Law Olmsted laid out for the Boston Parks Department between 1878 and 1892.
In 1927 the U.S. National Arboretum was established in Washington D.C. on 446 acres; currently it receives over half a million annual visitors.
Single-genus groupings include: hollies, crabapples, azaleas, magnolias, boxwoods, dogwoods, and maples, as well as collections of daffodils, iriseses, daylilies and peonies.
Other major garden features include displays of aquatic plants, the National Bonsai and Penjing Museum, the Asian Collections, the Conifer Collections, native plant collections, and The National Herb Garden and the 'National Grove' of all the designated State Trees.
The Arboretum at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, Wisconsin is a study collection devoted to ecology rather than systematics. Founded in the 1930's, it was a Civilian Conservation Corps project which attempted to restore a body of land to its presettlement state. Portions of the Walt Disney nature documentary, "The Vanishing Prairie," were filmed there, notably the prairie fire (filmed during a controlled burn at the Arboretum).
Bedgebury Pinetum near Goudhurst, Kent is one of the world's most complete collections of conifers.
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The purposes of Cornell Plantations are: To hold, manage, protect, and enhance the living botanical collections and the natural areas and gorges of Cornell for the benefit and use of the university community and the public.
Minnesota Landscape Arboretum
Its mission is to provide a community and a national resource for horticultural and environmental information, research and public education; to develop and evaluate plants and horticultural practices for cold climates.
Missouri Botanical Garden
Located on a 79 acre site in St. Louis, the Missouri Botanical Garden is world-renowned for its fundamental botanical research, horticultural display and education programs.
Fairchild Tropical Garden
Extensive collections of rare tropical plants including palms, cycads, flowering trees and vines. Miami, Florida, USA.
A research and educational institution. It manages a collection of hardy trees, shrubs, and vines located on 265 acres and associated herbarium and library collections. Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden
The Garden features spectacular coastline, waterfalls in a deep palm jungle, sunny areas filled with tropical flowers. It presents a very wide variety of tropical rainforest habitats within a relatively small area that is easily accessible by gravel paths.
American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta
A professional association for public gardens in North America, supporting the public horticulture community in its mission to study, display, and conserve plants.
University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum
Includes photos of the Arboretum's native Wisconsin habitat restorations and Longenecker Gardens, seasonal events calendar, Naturalists' Notes, Earth Partnership for Schools (ecological restoration), curriculum resources, woodland database, research resources.
Connecticut College Arboretum
Research in a broad range of subjects including ecology, field biology, conservation, and natural history. The hundreds of acres of land are also important as a refuge for native plants and animals. Herbarium specimens collected in New England, with an emphasis on Connecticut. New London, CT, USA.
Botanical Garden of the University of Vienna
Created in 1754 by Archduchess (Empress) Maria Theresia of Austria the Garden was first used by the Medical Faculty of Vienna University. The Garden is a synthesis between a 19th century landscape garden and a display of plants in systematic and plant-geographical arrangement. Maps, staff lists, and historical information. Vienna, Austria.
Belize Botanic Garden
Belizean species are presented in an educational setting, including special collections such as Heliconias, orchids, and palms. Goals are to recreate specific habitats such as Pine Ridge, Baldy Beacon, as well as a savannah, a rainforest, and a riverine eco-system. Education on the horticultural heritage of Belize, including sustainable agriculture. San Ignacio, Belize.
Quad City Botanical Center
Award-winning Sun Garden blooms with exotic tropical flowers, 14-foot waterfall and reflecting pools. Outdoor gardens feature magnificent conifer collection, thousands of spring bulbs, colorful, rare perennials and annuals, children's interactive features. Garden festivals, gift shop, art shows, guided group tours with reservations, banquet rooms, and ample parking.
The Eden Project
Ecological project, growing tropical and temperate plants in giant biomes. Information for visitors and schools, online shop and scientific information. Cornwall, England.
Details of the collection, including rare trees, champion trees, and visitor facilities at this national arboretum. Westonbirt, Glos, UK.
Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden
St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
Cedar Valley Arboretum and Botanic Gardens
Featured gardens and special events. Waterloo, IA, USA.
The Dallas Arboretum
Visitor and member information, educational programmes, map. Dallas, TX, USA.
Naples Botanical Garden
The garden will showcase an extensive collection of subtropical and tropical plants from countries as near as Cuba and as far as Indonesia, ranging from desert to rainforests. Naples, Florida.
Irkutsk State University Botanic Garden
Educational and scientific programs. Virtual tour, seedlist, links. Irkutsk, Siberia, Russia.
Bodenham Arboretum and Earth Centre
A collection of over 2500 trees set in 134 acres of beautiful Worcestershire countryside with 11 pools, four miles of footpaths, a working farm, and an award winning Earth Centre set in a hillside. Wolverley, Kidderminster, Worcs, UK.
Bradenham Hall Gardens and Arboretum
In Norfolk, UK, a private garden open to the public on selected days, featuring over 1000 named varieties of trees.. Information about the garden, its collections, and plants and other items for sale.
Mission: To heighten the awareness of human relationships with the environment by considering issues of renewable natural resources conservation.
Recreating Eden: A Natural History of Botanical Gardens
Description of the history and philosphy of botanical gardens with links to nine of the world's best: Leiden, Jardin des Plantes, Kew, Singapore, Missouri, New York, Montreal, San Franscisco, UBC. Based on book by Mary Soderstrom.
Birmingham Botanical Gardens
Volunteer based organisation promoting public knowledge of plants and gardens. Provides an image gallery. Birmingham, Alabama, USA
VanDusen Botanical Garden
Information on operating hours, show schedules and seasonal exhibits. Vancouver, BC, Canada.
The Dawes Arboretum
Includes 1,149 acres of plant collections and natural areas. Events, reports, collections, visitor information. Newark, Ohio, USA.
Plant collection, events, virtual tour. Midland, Michigan, USA.
JC Raulston Arboretum
Aims to enrich urban landscapes by promoting greater diversity of creative, environmentally sound landscapes. Calendar of events, virtual tour. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
University of Oxford Botanic Garden
The oldest botanic garden in Britain. Contact and visitor information. Oxford, UK.
University of South Florida Botanical Garden
Plant displays, research, and education, representing and interpreting the diversity of the Earth's plant life for the academic community and the general public. Horticultural workshops and special plant sale events. Displays on palms, bromeliads, herbs, native, carnivorous plants, and riparian (wetland) forest, at the USF Tampa Campus.
Ladew Topiary Gardens
Topiary and flower gardens plus a nature walk and historic home. Includes events calendar, history and rental information. Maryland.
The United States National Arboretum
Overview, events and education programs, specialty gardens and horticultural practices, research, support opportunities, and site search.
SFA Mast Arboretum
Arboretum of Steven F. Austin University, Texas. Information on the conservation, evaluation, and use of the native plants of the state.
University of British Columbia Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research
The web site of Canada's oldest university botanical garden. Current research themes include conservation, evolution (including molecular systematics), genomics (including the evolution of plant development) and plant breeding. The garden features a collection of over 7500 different taxa, many of which are of wild documented origin.
The Public Gardens of Royal Roads University
History of the gardens and plant collection database. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
University of Delaware Botanic Gardens
Virtual tour, volunteer and internship information.
Arboretum de Villardebelle
Dedicated to conifers from all over the world. Its main aim is to help protect rare and endangered species. Located near Carcassone, southern France.
North Carolina Botanical Garden
A regional center for research, conservation, and interpretation of plants located in Chapel Hill, NC.
Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem
Information about the garden, library, museum, research, biodiversity informatics, and other botanical projects and organizations.
The University of California Botanical Garden
Diverse collections are grown on a hilly site overlooking the Berkeley campus, near the San Francisco Bay.
Milwaukee County Public Gardens and Nature Centers
Online tours of Boerner Botanical Gardens and the Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory. Includes historical notes and visitor information. Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, USA.
Crosby Arboretum, Mississippi State University
Provides a program calendar, news, exhibits and trails map and educational tours. Picayune, MS, USA.
Staten Island Botanical Garden
Virtual tour features the Chinese Scholar's Garden. Educational programmes, visitor information. Staten Island, NY, USA.
Tofino Botanical Gardens
A gateway to the natural and cultural histories of Clayquot Sound Biosphere Reserve. Virutal tour, visitor information. Vancouver Island, BC, Canada.
Bamboo Arboretum of LÃ©riet
With 50 species. Virtual tour, catalogue and visitor information. Near Toulouse, France.
Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens
1900 tri-domed glass conservatory designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, Victorian Gardens. History, education programmes, events, virtual tour. Buffalo, NY, USA.
Royal Horticultural Society Gardens
Visitor information and details of the collections at the four RHS gardens in the UK.
Des Moines Botanical Center
Calendar of events, information about community gardening, volunteer opportunities, history, and tour information. Des Moines, Iowa, USA.
Dubuque Arboretum and Botanical Gardens
Calendar of events, photos, and information about using the facility for weddings. Dubuque, Iowa, USA.
Horticultural laboratory and arboretum. Includes maps, FAQ, and information about tours. Milledgeville, Georgia, USA.
Augusta Golf and Gardens
Botanical and tropical gardens with golf course. Includes calendar of events and membership information. Augusta, Georgia, USA.
Boyce Thompson Arboretum
A visit to the southwest USA's leading desert arboretum. The site is fully described and a comprehensive photo tour of the arboretum has been included. Superior, Arizona.
Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania
An interdisciplinary center that integrates art, science and the humanities.
United States Botanical Garden
The oldest continually operating botanic garden in the United States. Site offers background, event information, gift shop, and related links. Washington, DC, USA.
Warsaw Biblical Garden
Religious themed botanical garden and public attractive. Features detailed plant information, photos, frequently asked questions and guestbook. Warsaw, Indiana, USA.
Alaska Botanical Garden
Calendar of events, information about educational programs, volunteer opportunities, and membership information. Anchorage, Alaska, USA.
Georgeson Botanical Garden
Also conducts joint research on cold hardiness of fern species and cultivars. Virtual tour, information about classes offered, volunteer opportunities, and membership information. Also offers a children's garden. Fairbanks, Alaska, USA.
Bellingrath Gardens and Home
A public garden located on the Isle aux Oies River. Features seasonal blooms and offers river cruises. Theodore, Alabama, USA.
Dothan Area Botanical Gardens
50-acre partially wooded park designed to preserve the early southern garden in an environment that presents native plants in an attractive balance with traditional botanical garden elements. Dothan, Alabama, USA.
Huntsville-Madison County Botanical Garden
Virtual tour, calendar of events, news, volunteer opportunities, information about rental, and a list of classes and trips. Huntsville, Alabama, USA.
Botanical Garden of the Ozarks
Photos, calendar of events, volunteer opportunities, membership information, and a list of members. Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA.
The Arboretum at Flagstaff
200-acre arboretum in a ponderosa pine forest. Guided tours, gift shop, nature trails, endangered plants and animals and cultivated gardens. Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
Desert Botanical Garden
Founded in 1937, is a living museum dedicated to desert lands research and education. Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
Class and activity schedule, photos, volunteer opportunities, and a list of board members. Clinton, Iowa, USA.
Shangri La Botanical Gardens and Nature Center
Includes history, photos, volunteer opportunities, and children's section. Orange, Texas, USA.
Houston Arboretum and Nature Center
Calendar of events, list of activities, information about animal life, and volunteer opportunities. Houston, Texas, USA.
Fort Worth Botanic Garden
The oldest botanic garden in Texas, a 109-acre living museum displaying over 2,500 species of native and exotic plants. Fort Worth, Texas, USA.
San Antonio Botanical Garden
Offers educational events, programs, and classes year-round. San Antonio, Texas, USA.
Lubbock Memorial Arboretum
History, membership information, calendar of events, information about activities and educational programs, and volunteer opportunities. Lubbock, Texas, USA.
The State Botanical Garden of Georgia
Preserve with nature areas and trails. Includes maps, information about the collections, calendar of events, membership information, and volunteer opportunities. Athens, Georgia, USA.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
The website of Britain's major botanic garden with numerous links and many hosted websites. Kew, London.
University of Arizona Arboretum
History, how to get involved, calendar of events, and information about student projects. Tucson, Arizona, USA.
Betty Ford Alpine Gardens
Calendar of events, information about programs, and collections policy. Vail, Colorado, USA.
Chalice Well Gardens
Magical spring and gardens with holy thorn trees, said to have sprouted from Joseph of Arimathea's staff. Wide herbaceous borders either side of the path are a riot of colour and perfume in Summer, views across the Vale of Avalon. Beneath Glastonbury Tor, Somerset, England.
Devonian Botanic Garden
Contains a Japanese garden, floral gardens and a collection of native and alpine plants. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Alta Vista Botanical Gardens
Community botanical garden of the world's rarest and most unusual plants in themed environments, bringing together art, people, and nature. City of Vista, California.
Dorothy Bradley Atkins Medicinal Garden at UIC
Research and educational collection of more than 70 species of medicinal plants, including mainstay drug-producing plants whose products are currently in use in clinical practice around the world. Located at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) Arboretum
The Arboretum occupies one of the most propitious horticultural sites in the world, part of the holdings of pioneer Henry Cowell. Climatic and topographic diversity allow experimentation with amost every species that might be grown along the coast between San Diego and Crescent City, and the diversity of the soils--the underlying rock includes granite, schist, limestone, and several types of sandstone--can scarcely be matched anywhere.
Soekershof Walkabout portrays the spiritual diversity of South Africa in mazes, a cactus labyrinth, a philosopher's garden, and other gardens containing more than 1500 succulent plants and unique indigenous plants. There is no such a garden in the Southern Hemisphere. Klaas Voogds West Robertson, West Cape, Republic of South Africa.
The Brenton Arboretum
Features trees, shrubs, animal life, and wetlands. Includes news, birding information, volunteer opportunities, and photos. Located in Dallas Center, Iowa, USA.
Zilker Botanical Garden
Schedules and information about tours, projects, and education programs, as well as photo gallery and searchable type specimen register. Austin, Texas, USA.
What Makes a Good Botanical Center
Personal reviews of botanical gardens, with links.
Bhutan's Royal Botanic Garden
Information about the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan's botanic garden.
South Carolina Botanical Garden
Information about activities and programs, virtual garden. Located in Clemson.
The Darwin Project: Building Boston's Botanical Garden
Mission is to create a world renowned Botanical Garden and Conservation Learning Center in the heart of Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Denver Botanic Gardens
Offers garden directory, hours and admissions, exhibits and tours, botanical information and growing guide, and special events. Denver, Colorado, USA.
A classic regional display garden, comprised entirely of plants, flowers and trees that grow in the dry Colorado climate. Offers numerous classes, workshops, field trips and tours for all ages, year round. Littleton, Colorado, USA.
Bartlett Arboretum and Gardens
Contains thousands of plants, including several champion trees, and features a pond, swamp, and stream. North Stamford, Connecticut, USA.
Oklahoma Botanical Garden and Arboretum
Information on their role in the marketing and promotion of horticulture and landscape architecture in Oklahoma.
Teaching, research, and public education institution affiliated with Montreal's McGill University.
Summerland Ornamental Gardens
A 16-acre public garden above Okanagan Lake with irrigated and xeriscaped areas, collections of penstemons, irises, roses, and a museum of antique scientific equipment. Summerland, British Columbia, Canada.
Cylburn Arboretum Association
The Association's mission is to assist Baltimore City in preserving Cylburn's grounds and buildings through horticultural and educational programs. Cylburn Arboretum is the city's horticultural headquarters. Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
National Capital Botanical Gardens
Established in 1971 as a teaching garden for the University of Papua New Guinea Biology Department. Contains a large area of rainforest, an unusual sight for normally dry and dusty Port Moresby. Collections include many palm species, bamboos, heliconias, cordyline, pandanus, native trees and shrubs. Well known for its extensive collection of Papua New Guinea orchid species. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
Strybing Arboretum & Botanical Gardens
Features a spectacular array of plants from the world's Mediterranean and mild temperate climates, to high-elevation tropical cloud forests. San Francisco, USA.
University of Washington Medicinal Herb Garden
A resource for herbalists, medics, and botanists. Hypertext tour and partial catalogue. Seattle, WA, USA.
National Tropical Botanical Garden
The garden is engaged in the struggle to save the tropical plant world, which is under threat from all sides. This work is carried out through active programs in collection, propagation, conservation, research and education. Hawaii.
Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden
Its mission is to foster an awareness and appreciation of the role of plants in nature and in human affairs. Arcadia, CA, USA.
The National Botanic Garden of Wales
A visionary project and botanical science showcase built for the Millennium and beyond. Science programme includes systematics, biodiversity and conservation, sustainability and economic botany. Llanarthne, Carmarthenshire, Wales, UK.
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Australian plants, databases on living plants, herbarium specimens and photographs. Canberra, ACT, Australia.
Royal Botanical Gardens
Canada's largest botanical garden incorporates untamed and cultivated landscapes. Burlington, Ontario, near Hamilton, located 45 minutes from Toronto and Niagara Falls.
Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens
Australia's second oldest botanical gardens features a native Tasmanian section, Botanical Discovery Centre, Botanical Shop and Sub-Antarctic Plant House. Hobart.
Mounts Botanical Garden - West Palm Beach
Mounts is Palm Beach County's oldest and largest public garden. Our gardens and programs provide the best horticultural and botanical information available related to South Florida's unique plants and environment.
The Chicago Botanic Garden
An Illinois Botanic Museum. Gardens, plants, flowers, greenhouses, educational classes, plant information. Events, visitor and membership information. Chicago, IL, USA.
Cambridge University Botanic Garden
A 17 hectare garden close to the city center, with a diverse collection of plants. Cambridge, England.
The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh
Thirty-one-hectare gardens founded in the 17th century. Open to the public: a major tourist attraction. Edinburgh, Scotland.
Bonn University Botanical Garden
History, activities, functions and opening hours of this garden. Bonn, Germany.