Justice is a concept involving the fair and moral treatment of all persons, especially as regards social rules. It is often seen as the continued effort to do what is "right."
- For other meanings of the word justice please see justice (disambiguation)
Classically, justice was the ability to recognize one's debts and pay them. It was a virtue that encompassed an unwillingness to lie or steal. It was the basis for the code duello. In this view, justice is the opposite of the vice of venality.
In jurisprudence, justice is the obligation that the legal system has toward the individual citizen and the society as a whole.
Justice (in both senses) is part of the debate regarding moral relativism and moral absolutism: Is there an "absolute standard" of justice, under which all behavior should be judged, or is it acceptable for justice to have different meanings in different societies? Some cultures, for instance, see punishments such as the death penalty as being appropriate, while others decry such acts as crimes against humanity.
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The Court Service
Executive agency providing admin support to a number of courts and tribunals in England and Wales. Site includes a description of the court system with a number of guides to recent changes.
The Criminal Justice System
Information on the workings of the criminal justice system in England and Wales.
Crown Prosecution Service
Describes the work of the agency that initiates proceedings against those charged with criminal offences in England and Wales.
The Law Commission
Independent body established by Parliament in 1965 to keep the law of England and Wales under review and to recommend reform when it is needed.
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Independent watchdogs responsible for conducting prison inspections in England and Wales. Site provides details of the Boards' work and how to apply to be a Visitor.
Legal Services Commission
Responsible for the development and administration of Community Legal Service and Criminal Defence Service, formerly known as legal aid. Includes information on what aid is available, how to apply and the qualification criteria.
Lord Chancellor's Department
Site details the department's role in the efficient administration of justice in England and Wales. Provides the text of various consultation papers and speeches.
Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
An executive non-departmental public body responsible for many aspects of youth justice. These include advising the Home Secretary on the operation of the justice system in delivering its aim of preventing offending by young people.
National Probation Service for England and Wales
Provides information on the role and activities of the NPS.
HM Chief Inspector of Prisons for England and Wales
Outlines the work of the Chief Inspector and his team.