The area was a German colony from the 1880s to 1919. It was British from 1919 to 1961. Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania on April 26, 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.
Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. Although it has vast amount of natural resources like gold deposits, beautiful national parks which are underdeveloped and less exploited thus they generate little revenue. Growth in 1991-99 has featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Natural gas exploration in the Rufiji Delta looks promising and production could start by 2002. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Short-term economic progress also depends on curbing corruption.
Tanzanian music has been lacking its identity for quite a long time, this is partly attributed to the influx of musicians from the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), who were entering the country as refugees. But in recent years, mainly from the mid-nineties, a new breed of young Tanzanian musicians has emerged.
The Tanzanian artistes have devised a new style going by the name of "Bongo Flava", which is blend of all sorts of melodies, beats, rhythms and sounds. The trend among the Tanzanian music consumers has started changing towards favouring products from their local artists who sing in Swahili, the national language.
The mushrooming of FM music stations and cheap production studios has been a major boost to the music industry in the country. Contemporary artists like Lady Jaydee, Mr Nice and many others command a huge audience of followers in the country and neighbouring countries.
FOC Country Profile - Tanzania Notes on geography, history, politics, economy, international relations, travel, current affairs. http://www.fco.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1007029394365&a=KCountryProfile&aid=1019745099478
BBC Country Profile - Tanzania Includes key facts, figures and dates, and media links. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/country_profiles/1072330.stm
Southern African Development Community: Tanzania Includes analysis and reports of resources, economy, finance, investment, agriculture, health, industry and infrastructure. http://www.sadcreview.com/country%20profiles2003/tanzania/tanzania_2003.htm
CIA - The World Factbook -- Tanzania Broad overview of Tanzanian people, geography, government, economy, communications, transport, military, and international issues. http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/tz.html
Topix.net: Tanzania News from Tanzania gathered from various sources on the web. http://rss.topix.net/rss/world/tanzania.xml
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