ProcedureA procedure is a series of activities, tasks, steps, calculations, decisions and other processes, that when undertaken in the sequence laid down produces the described result, product or outcome. Following a procedure should produce repeatable results for the same input conditions.
Procedures are also called instructions or sometimes recipes when they are recorded. They may also be known as methodss.
For example, baking a cake can be a procedure that consists of the following steps:
- Opening the mix box.
- Mixing the batter.
- Pre-heating the oven.
- Putting the cake in.
- Removing it when it's done.
In mathematics and science, a procedure, or algorithm, is a sequence of tasks or calculations that accomplish some goal.
In computer science, procedure is a subprogram, generally one which returns or is intended to return no direct result to its caller.
In law, procedure is the body of law and rules used in the administration of justice in the court system, see: civil procedure and criminal procedure.
See also: HowTo, Recipe
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National Association of Parliamentarians (NAP)
The National Association of Parliamentarians is dedicated to teaching, promoting, and disseminating the philosophy and principles underlying the rules of deliberative assemblies.
Robert McConnell Productions
Offers videos, books, and procedure advice from a registered parliamentarian at the Dear Parliamentarian column.
Texas State Association of Parliamentarians (NAP)
This site includes the objectives of the state association and the annual convention date. The Crossroads Unit (Argyle, TX) is featured and lists study meeting dates, and a tip of the month.
Golden Bears Chapter(AIP)
This non-profit voluntary chapter of the American Institute of Parliamentarians in California is dedicated to an improved knowledge of parliamentary procedure.
The Official Robert's Rules of Order Web Site
This site includes a short history of Robert's Rules, how an organization can adopt it, the basics of parliamentary procedure, a question and answer forum, and an "Ask the Authors" feature.
Robert's Rules Online - Parliamentary Procedure
Full text of the 1915 (Fourth) Edition of Robert's Rules of Order, with index and keyword search, lesson outlines and Plan for Study of Parliamentary Law.
Nebraska Association of School Boards
Includes details on making Main Motions, Amendments, and the motion to Reconsider.
Parliamentary Procedure Glossary, Third Edition
A detailed glossary of parliamentary procedure terms and phrases used by the Canada House of Commons. Listed in both English or French.
American Institute of Parliamentarians (AIP)
The mission of the American Institute of Parliamentarians is to foster, promote and teach the highest standards of parliamentary procedure, in keeping with the principles of parliamentary law and the adopted parliamentary authority.
Ohio Association of Parliamentarians
Features meeting days and times, and contact information.
National Parliamentarian Online
Selected educational articles from the National Parliamentarian, the official quarterly publication of the National Association of Parliamentarians, including the current issue and earlier archived articles.
Jim Slaughter, Parliamentarian & Parliamentary Consultant
Attorney Jim Slaughter, Certified Professional Parliamentarian-Teacher and Professional Registered Parliamentarian, has served as a parliamentarian and teacher for some of the largest trade unions and associations throughout the United States.
Parliamentary Procedures at California State University, Chico
General purposes, principles, and parliamentary terms, with examples of how to transact business at meetings and in committees, with chart of descriptive characteristics of motions.
Democratic Rules of Order
Description, comparison, and comments about the 7th edition of this 72-page book of parliamentary procedure, written by Fred and Peg Francis.
Green Country Unit (NAP)
This Tulsa, Oklahoma unit lists their officers, bylaws, and unit affiliates. Other topics include news, events, membership, and FAQs.
McClintock's Parliamentary Resources
Sample agenda, bylaws, motions, chair's script, minutes, audit report; a general resource page on parliamentary procedure.
Bill Stemmons, Parliamentarian
Professional Registered Parliamentarian, consultant on meetings, conventions, bylaws, voting and elections, presiding, Robert's Rules, associations, attorneys, public officials, association officers, and workshops. Simple questions answered without charge.
Includes details on why parliamentary procedure should be used, defines several basic terms, and lists resources.
Parliamentary Society of Toronto
A Chapter of the AIP the Society promotes the use of effective, democratic parliamentary practices, good meeting procedures and practices, and the teaching of parliamentary procedure.
California State PTA Hot Tips-Bylaws
Features guidelines from the California bylaws committee. California State PTA publications are also listed.
Golden Gavel Unit of the National Association of Parliamentarians
First NAP Unit on the Internet. Located in Virginia Beach, VA. Join us for a fun and informative evening learning about parliamentary procedure and participate effectively in YOUR organization.
The Parliamentary Procedure Instructional Materials Center
Catalog of parliamentary procedure references and quality teaching resources, workshops, glossary, links, frequently asked questions, how to write minutes, mnemonics, and consulting and materials.
Applying Robert's Rules of Order - Oklahoma Sooner Unit Parliamentarians
This Oklahoma unit promotes the study and teaching of parliamentary procedure and Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, with emphasis on bylaws, conducting meetings, minutes, skits, educational materials.
New Jersey State Association of Parliamentarians (NAP)
New Jersey State Association of Parliamentarians of the National Association of Parliamentarians lists Unit meeting places, dates, times, state convention information and Newsletter.
Parliamentary Procedure at a Glance
Includes a chart of motions with their rules, how to run an effective meeting, and keeping minutes.
Survival Tips on Roberts Rules of Order
Roberts Rules of Order are indispensable to surviving as an officer or a member in an organization. I simplify the needed survival tools to defend your ideas.
Parliamentary Procedure Instructional Materials From the University of Illinois
Parliamentary procedure resources from the ITCS Instructional Materials at the University of Illinois. Tested in the classroom for teaching a complete unit, enrichment, independent study, and training a team for competition.
Offers advice specifically on parliamentary procedure including unproductive meetings and materials available, with a parliamentary tip.
Baton Rouge Unit of Parliamentarians (NAP)
Lists the dates and times of meetings for this unit of the Louisiana State Association of Parliamentarians, and who to contact to join.
Parliamentary Procedure Home Page
This site is hosted by Professional Registered Parliamentarian, Stran L. Trout. It includes parliamentary procedure links, a list of printings of Robert's Rules of Order, Trout's Top Ten Rules of Order, and details on how to fly the American Flag.
Washington State Association of Parliamentarians (NAP)
Charter units from Washington State and their presidents are listed. In addition, new events, parliamentary procedure links, and the history of the association are provided.
Knoxville Parliamentary Unit (NAP)
This Tennessee unit of the National Association Of Parliamentarians features articles on community and professional services. Also has membership information related to meetings, benefits, and categories. Details on the 13 ranking motions, steps in handling motions and amendments are also included.
Arizona State Association of Parliamentarians (NAP)
Includes information relating to the annual meeting, Arizona state officers, and hot links. Pages for the Central, Southern, and Northern Units are also available.
Robert's Rules of Order Revised
The 1915 (Fourth) Edition with slight modifications and enhancements, by the Constitution Society.
Texas NAACP: Parliamentary Procedure
Overview of parliamentary procedure. Principles, a description of a deliberative assembly, a sample agenda, the procedure for handling a main motion, and the rules for the 13 ranking motions are listed.
SkillsUSA-VICA Parliamentary Procedure Educational Materials
Descriptions of parliamentary procedure educational materials available for secondary and college students for teaching a unit and for preparing for the Chapter Business Procedure Competitive Event.
Parliamentary Procedure E-Bulletin
Announcements related to current parliamentary procedure information, sites worth visiting, questions and answers, and tips on training FFA, FBLA, SkillsUSA-VICA, BPA, TSA, FCCLA, and HOSA teams for competition.
California State Association of Parliamentarians (NAP)
A division of the National Association of Parliamentarians that features officers, unit goals, events, convention information, feedback, and links.
Parliamentary Procedure Materials From Ohio State University
Parliamentary procedure materials from the Ohio State University Curriculum Materials Service specifically designed for FFA secondary school students.
Parliamentary Procedure According to Robert's Rules
Summaries for the online study of parliamentary procedure and Robert's Rules of Order, including Frequently Asked Questions, charts on motion precedence, and tips for meetings.
Parliamentary Procedure Q & A from NOW
Questions are answered by The National Organization For Women on motions related to a point of information, personal privilege, point of order, a parliamentary inquiry, and debate decorum.
Parliamentary Procedure-Tulane University ASB
The Associated Student Body (ASB) at Tulane University provides information on: Parliamentary situations and concepts; classes, descriptions, and purposes of motions; and the order or precedence of motions.
A glossary of parliamentary terms and phrases from Australia.
Advice from Dr. John A. Cagle, California State University, Fresno.
A Manual of Parliamentary Practice
A complete reprint of the 1812 manual by Thomas Jefferson that was used by the United States Senate. Includes the rules of motions and how they are used.
Rules Used By the United States Congress
The parliamentary procedure rules used by the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate are listed.
General Parliamentary Procedure
The use of parliamentary procedure in the U.S. House of Representatives: Principles of adding amendments, a germaneness test, committee rules, points of order, and a pocket guide on floor procedures.
Parliamentary Procedure Guards Members' Rights
Advantages of using parliamentary procedure and some popular myths, misconceptions, and mistakes. Includes an outline of a standard order of business and how motions are made and processed.