GovernmentA government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. There are several definitions on what exactly constitutes a government.
The government has been defined as the dominant decision-making arm (the policy elite) of the state. The latter has been defined (by the political economist Max Weber and later political philosophy) as the organization that holds a monopoly in legitimate use of violence within its territory. If seen in ethical terms, the definition of "legitimate" is open to discussion, and implies that an organisation may be considered a state by its supporters but not by its detractors. Some define "legitimate" as simply involving active and tacit support by the vast majority of the population, i.e., the absence of civil war. (An entity that shares military/police power with independent militias and bandits is not a state in this view. It may be a "failed state.") Democratic control over the government -- and thus the state -- would encourage the legitimacy of the state in this view.
Government can also be defined as the political means of creating and enforcing laws; typically via a bureaucratic hierarchy. Under this definition, a purely despotic organisation which controls a territory without defining laws would not be considered a government.
An alternative is to define a government as an organisation that attempts to maintain control of a territory, where "control" involves activities such as collecting taxes, controlling entry and exit to the state, preventing encroachment of territory by neighbouring states and preventing the establishment of alternative governments within the country.
Governments concern themselves with many issues, such as economics, education, health, science, territory, and war.
The modern standard unit of territory comprises a country. In addition to the meaning used above, the word state can refer either to a government or to its territory. Within a territory, subnational entities may have local governments which do not have the full power of a national government.
Governments use a variety of methods to maintain control, such as police and military forces, (particularly under despotism, see also police state), making agreements with other states, and maintaining support within the state. Typical methods of maintaining support and legitimacy include providing infrastructure for justice, administration , transport, social welfare etc., claiming support of deities, providing benefits to influential groups, holding elections
for important posts within the state, limiting the power of the state through laws and constitutions and appealing to nationalism. Groups opposed to government control include libertarians and anarchists.
Various forms of government have been implemented or proposed. A government in a developed state is likely to have various sub-organisations known as offices, departments, or agencies, which are headed by politically appointed officials, often called ministers or secretaries. Ministers may in theory act as advisors to the head of state, but in practice have a certain amount of direct power in specific areas. In most modern democracies, the elected legislative assembly has the power to dismiss the government, though the head of state generally has great latitude in appointing a new one.
Government is also a name given, in debating events and competitions, to the team which supports and tries to prove a motion.
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Joyner Library, East Carolina University
Government Documents Department of Joyner Library at East Carolina University. Joyner Library was designated a depository in 1951.
Patent Cooperation Treaty Published Applications
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Florida Electronic Federal Depository Library
A directory to Florida state, county, and local websites.
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Government Publications - Ekstrom Library, University of Louisville
The web page has Kentucky, Louisville, U.S. government and international information. There is also a large collection of U.S. government periodicals available on the Web. The web page also has information available by subject area and there are cross-references to related information.
New Electronic Titles (NET)
Browseable index of new additions to the Federal Depository Library Program Electronic Collection.
Government Document Displays: A Tutorial and Clearinghouse
A tool for government information librarians interested in promoting government documents through displays.
The Government Publications Department of The University of Memphis Libraries is the Federal Regional Depository Library for Tennessee. The Department receives 100% of the publications, maps and electronic data distributed by the Government Printing Office.
ALA/Government Documents Round Table (GODORT) Homepage
Links to resources important to individuals who work with government information on a regular basis. Such as the Handout Exchange, GPO Purl Alert, and Frequently Used Sites.
GovSites : Middletown Thrall Library Government Information
A comprehensive list of government web sites including a virtual tour of government documents, a locator service and access to digitized government documents.
Government Information Resources
A site designed to assist the Internet public in locating and using Government Information in libraries and on the Internet.
Government Information Connection
Provides guided access to the Web publications of all levels of government agencies. Featured are subject guides and research collections that preserve the Web sites and publications of now-defunct federal agencies, including the Adisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (ACIR). From the library of the University of North Texas, Denton.
Private supplier of scientific, policy and strategy documents and reports from the Pentagon and other US government agencies.
National Technical Information Service
This US Department of Commerce Web site is a central resource for government-funded scientific, technical, engineering and business related information throughout the US federal government.
Oklahoma Department of Libraries Government Information Division
ODL has been receiving publications from the three banches of government since 1893. It is one of two regional depositories in Oklahoma.
UTK Libraris Government Documents and Microforms
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Libraries is a selective Federal Depository Library and provides free public access to U.S. Government information. The Documents and Microforms Department currently selects about 83% of publications, maps, and electronic data distributed by the Government Printing Office.
News, Information, and Communication for and about the Federal Depository Library Program
Gleeson Library | Geschke Learning Resource Center
A selective depository, it is located at the University of San Francisco. The Government Documents depository collection serves California's 8th Congressional District.
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)
A central repository of defense-related scientific and technical information within the Department of Defense. The majority of holdings are unclassified. Collection covers a broad selection of topics of importance to the defense research community.
Government Information @ UCO
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Ingram Library -- Government Documents Department
The Government Documents Department at the Irvine Sullivan Ingram Library of the State University of West Georgia is dedicated to providing free access to government information.
Oklahoma State University Library Documents Department
OSU is home to one of two regional depositories in the state of Oklahoma. It is also a Patent and Trademark Depository. Also the home of the Kappler's Indian Affairs Treaties online.
Basic Depository Library Documents
HTML versions of U.S. government publications used in the management of federal depository libraries.
The Government Printing Office provides free public access to full-text federal documents, official federal information, federal information finding aids and federal products for sale.
Weblog tracking government document news, scandals, scuffles and the most recent Government Printing Office news.
Oklahoma Department of Libraries - Government Documents About Terrorism
An annotated bibliography of government documents related to terrorism and the attacks of September 11, 2001.
UIUC Government Documents Library
The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign library is an official depository for United Nations, Canadian, United States and State of Illinois publications and information. Some of the resources are available to UIUC users only.
Documents Service Center - Columbia University
Subject oriented guides to US Federal, New York State, New York City, and international government documents.
Government Information Sources:an Electronic Library
Links to Federal, State, and International government information on the Internet from the University of Missouri-Rolla
University of Kansas Government Documents Library
University of Kansas Government Documents Library, featuring the High School Debate Topic Online site.
University of Michigan Documents Center
The Documents Center is a central reference and referral point for government information, whether local, state, federal, foreign or international. Its web pages are a reference and instructional tool for government, political science, statistical data, and news.
Government Information Center
The Government Information Center provides access to US, California & San Francisco documents, and to materials on law and politics. It is also a Patent and Trademark Depository Library. The Government Information Center also houses the Wallace Stegner Environmental Center collections.