; Inorganic chemistry : Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the properties and reactions of inorganic compounds. The distinction between organic and inorganic disciplines is not absolute and there is much overlap, most importantly in the sub-discipline of organometallic chemistry.
Nomenclature refers to the system for naming chemical compounds. There are well-defined systems in place for naming chemical species. Organic compounds are named according to the organic nomenclature system. Inorganic compounds are named according to the inorganic nomenclature system.
An element is a material that consists of atoms with a given number of protons in the nucleus. This number is known as the atomic number of the element. For example, all atoms with 6 protons in their nuclei are atoms of the chemical element carbon, and all atoms with 92 protons in their nuclei are atoms of the element uranium.
The most convenient presentation of the elements is in the periodic table, which groups elements with similar chemical properties together. Lists of the elements by name, by symbol, and by atomic number are also available.
A compound is a substance formed from two or more elements, with a fixed ratio determining the composition. For example, water is a compound containing hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio of two to one. Compounds are formed and decomposed by chemical reactions.
A chemical bond is the force which holds together atoms in molecules or crystals. In many simple compounds, valence bond theory and the concept of oxidation number can be used to predict molecular structure and composition. Similarly, theories from classical physics can be used to predict many ionic structures. With more complicated compounds, such as metal complexes, valence bond theory fails and a more thorough understanding based on quantum mechanics is necessary.
Chemical reactions are transformations in the structure of molecules. Such reactions can result in molecules attaching to each other to form larger molecules, molecules breaking apart to form two or more smaller molecules, or rearrangements of atoms within molecules. Chemical reactions usually involve the making or breaking of chemical bonds.
Quantum theory describes the behavior of matter at short length scales. It is, in principle, possible to describe all chemical systems using this theory, but it is mathematically complex and profoundly non-intuitive. In practice, only the simplest chemical systems may realistically be investigated in purely quantum mechanical terms, and approximations must be made for most practical purposes (e.g. Density functional theory). Hence a detailed understanding of quantum mechanics is not necessary for most chemistry, as the important implications of the theory (principally the orbital approximation) can be understood and applied in simpler terms.
Mrs. Hatch's ChemLab Pictures, extra credit opportunities, and assignments. http://www.geocities.com/Chemhatch/
AP Chem Central Many parodies from class, poems, complaints, and other examples of some of the odd events in Mr. Luttig's class. http://www.angelfire.com/mi3/apchemcentral/
Chemistry Coach Tutorials, assignments, quotations, and specific course information for Wilton High School. http://www.chemistrycoach.com/home.htm
Adrian Dingle's Chemistry Pages Designed for UK and US high school chemistry students. Includes downloadable notes, worksheets and labs. http://www.westminster.net/faculty/dingle/westhome.html
Blake Otwells' Chemistry Homepage Lecture notes and links to chemistry courses taught at Jacksonville State University. Topics include environmental, organic, and general chemistry. http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Hall/4196/
Chemistry with Dr. Ng Chemistry lessons for non-science people, written by a former chemistry lecturer. http://www.geocities.com/chemistry_with_dr_ng/
Steve Marsden's Chemistry Pages Lectures, demonstrations, labs, TI calculator and probe activities, and links for high school chemistry. http://www.chemtopics.com/
Room D116 A Chem Concoctions Class information, review quizzes, AP and PreAP notes, vocabulary games, and Mole Day information. http://www.roomd116.com/
ScienceGeek.net Support site for chemistry and advanced placement chemistry at Mt. Whitney High School in Visalia, California. Includes a molecule of the month, notes, worksheets, and labs. http://www.sciencegeek.net/
Coach Daniel's Web Page Extensive practice problems and sets, homework assignments, and links. http://www.k12k.com/db/tsites/cdaniels/
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