Adoption is the legal act of severing the parental responsibilities and rights of the biological parents of a child and placing those responsibilities and rights onto adoptive parents, taking a child who is not a blood relative into one's own family. Also the biological parents may have lost their responsibilities and rights earlier, or have died (a minority of children who are adopted have been orphaned). It also affects inheritance, for which adopted children are treated as own children.
A related case where government intervention has resulted in adoption is the case where the child's blood relatives belong to an outgroup culture which has been deemed unfit as a whole by the controlling government. Aboriginal Peoples in Australia were affected by such policies, as were Native Americans in the United States and Canada.
Different jurisdictions have varying laws on adoption and post-adoption. Some practise closed adoption, preventing further contact between the adopted person and his/her natural parents, while others have varying degrees of open adoption, which may allow such contact.
Many adopted people and natural parents who were separated by adoption have a natural desire to reunite. In countries which practise closed, secret adoption, this has led to efforts to circumvent sealed records (for example, see Adoption Reunion Registries) and efforts to establish the right of adoptees to access their sealed records (for example, see Bastard Nation).
Adoption is also presented as an argued alternative to abortion.
See also: Affiliation - Adoption in Rome - Bastard Nation
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Adoption information and resources, message boards, email communities, and links to adoption professionals. Includes special sections for both birthmothers and adoptive parents.
National Adoption Center
Portal to photo listings and resources, including chat, online courses, and articles.
Adoption Triad Outreach
Features a free reunion registry, chat rooms, discussion boards, bookstore, online newsletter, virtual postcards,Â and a links library.
Child & Family Services
Provides former Michigan members (adult adoptees, birth parents, adult siblings, and adoptive parents) with post-adoption services and intermediary search services.
Adoption Web Ring
A public service ring dedicated to the best interests of adoption triad members.
State Mailing Lists
Directory of adoption related mailing lists across the United States.
North American Council on Adoptable Children
Post-adoptive articles and a "How to Adopt" section which provides an overview of issues and steps to take when considering domestic adoption through the foster care system.
A biographical dictionary of famous or otherwise influential adoptees and others raised for significant periods outside their birth families.
Information about adoption, support groups and related services in Alaska.
Famous and Remarkable Adoptees, Foster Children and Others
Short profiles, many with bibliographical and hypertext links, of famous or influential people who were adopted, fostered or otherwise raised by people other than their birth parents.
National Adoption Information Clearinghouse
Comprehensive resource on all aspects of adoption, including special needs, infant and intercountry adoption.
Our Own Kids
Resources for people who are adopting or have adopted an older child.
National Adoption Foundation
Provides financial assistance, services and support to families. Contains information about programs, membership, and achievements.
Listing of adoption resources on the Internet, organized in topical categories.
Presents essays, poems, and links to adoption service providers, legal information and support groups.
Birth Mother Letter
Offers prospective adoptive parents help in creating a Dear Birth Mother album. Includes service details and prices.
Personal profiles of couples wishing to adopt and birth parents and adoptees looking to reunite. Includes pricing details.
Texas Coalition for Adoption Resources and Education
Advocates adoption laws that are in the best interest of all adoptees. Includes the Texas Adoption Registry, discussion forums, articles, newsletters and statistics.
Features a range of adoption-related information. Includes a message board, Waiting Parents Registry, list of famous adoptions, calendar of events, and links to Canadian resources, including agencies and support groups.
The ABC's of Adoption
Basic information about international and domestic adoption, message board, and related links.
Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption
Encourages adoption in the United States and advocates for children in the public welfare system. Offers a beginner's guide, videos, and other adoption resources.
Resource for birthparents and adoptive parents. Includes profiles of waiting families, information about available situations, and links to support organizations, agencies, and financial help.
A collection of stories about God working through adoption in the lives of ordinary people. Includes scripture references and submission guidelines.
Provides access to thousands of resources addressing all aspects of adoption. Extensive coverage of international adoption issues.
GotTrouble.com - Family Law
Information about adoption, qualities of adoptive parents which agencies are looking for, and other legal issues.
Hallmark Channel: Adoption
The web version of the channel's series about adoption. Includes information about adoption, submitted stories, and resources.
Adoption InterLink UK
General adoption information, articles, links to related resources, and notice board.
National Council For Adoption
Washington, DC charity with a focus on adoption related awareness, education and advocacy. Organization overview, list of policies, and membership details are included.
BAAF Adoption & Fostering
London-based charity with offices in Wales, Scotland and England. Offers resources for those wishing to adopt and related professionals. Includes membership details, news, legal details and directory of agencies.
Older Child Adoption
Weekly online publication offering articles and information. Includes message board, bookstore and links.
News from around the world and related publications (many of which may be downloaded for a fee).
Adoption Learning Partners
Offers web-based educational courses for all members of the adoption triad. Includes course descriptions and a mailing list.
Deaf Adoption News Service
Listings of deaf children waiting to be adopted, and a mailing list.
Lets Talk Adoption
Weekly radio show available on the Internet. Show schedule, brief host profile, and archives are presented.
California Children and Family Services
Articles and FAQs about adopting a child, becoming a foster parent (or adopting a foster child), adoptees and birth parents, and services for adopted children.
National photo listing service for children awaiting adoption across the United States.
Presents the history of open adoption and links to related content.
Indiana's Adoption Initiative
Statewide effort to find permanence for all children with special needs. Picture book registry, information about the process, and newsletter.
Features information about workshops and support groups, profiles of families hoping to adopt (from specific agencies) and resources.
Precious Kids Adoption
Features a registry of waiting families wanting to adopt, mailing list, articles, and information about scams.
Adoption: A New Beginning
A Christian adoption resource center, with services for birthmothers and adoptive parents.
PACT: An Adoption Alliance
Adoption-related services for children of color, their birthparents, and their adoptive parents.
Adoption Information Line
Comprehensive information about the adoption of children within the UK.
Information on international, special needs, independent, and private adoptions. Includes message boards, news, and a directory of adoption professionals.
Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute
Information for adoption professionals: research, policy, and practice.
Families for Private Adoption
Non-profit volunteer organization advocating and encouraging private (non-agency) adoption. Meetings held in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.
Support for adoptive families from the National Adoption Center: Post-adoption information, online chats and conferences.
Features discussion forums, hopeful parent registry, journals, resources for birthmothers and adoptive parents, and database of US attorneys and agencies.
Lund Family Center
Providing services for young women who are pregnant and parenting, families with young children and adoptive families.
Children's Home Society
Not for profit organization that provides adoption and birth parent services.
Interactive Internet registry for hopeful adoptive parents and potential birth parents. Includes photo listings of waiting families, bookstore, and discussion of current adoption related topics.
Photo listing of special needs children in the custody of the State of Montana who are eligible for adoption.
Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Omaha
Services include adoption, reunion and unplanned pregnancy counseling.
Features a comprehensive directory of adoption professionals, and the Adoption SuperCalendar of adoption events, meetings and conferences in every state.
Information on special needs adoption and foster care in central Kentucky.
Parent Soup: Adoption Central
Contains information about various aspects of adoption, state-by-state resources, checklists and a newsletter.
Presents articles about a variety of adoption related topics.
Presents information about adoption and fostering with a United Kingdom focus. News, child profiles, bulletin board, and glossary of related terms are included.
Suite 101: Adoption
Articles, message board and links to related resources.
Adoption Council of Canada
Dedicated to finding homes for Canada's waiting children. Includes news, publications, legislation, events, research, viewpoints, and newsletters.
Voices of Adoption
Art, poetry, and stories from those touched by adoption. Includes resources and news items.
Child Of My Dreams
Offers infertility and adoption information and support. Includes a discussion of common myths, newsletters, and message boards.
Fostering or Adopting Children in Need
Information about transitional residence and fostering of troubled children.
The Adoption Guide
Consumer protection and advocacy for adopting families, international or domestic. Site features news, articles, and resources.
Council on Adoptable Children of Texas
A non-profit organization of citizens concerned about children who wait for permanent homes.