PsychiatryPsychiatry is a branch of medicine that studies and treats mental and emotional disorders (see mental illness). The term alienist is an old term for a psychiatrist.
Note that psychiatry is practiced by psychiatrists, psychology by psychologists. Psychiatrists have medical training, while psychologists have extensive training in therapy and psychological testing.
Mind versus brain
Psychiatric illnesses were for some time characterised as disorders of function of the mind rather than the brain, although the distinction is not always obvious. In the current state of knowledge this distinction does not hold true, as most psychiatric conditions have their correlates in term of brain abnormality.
For a long period of history, neurology and psychiatry were a single discipline, and following their division the steady advance in understanding of the basic functioning of neurons and the brain is bringing areas of the two disciplines back together.
Psychiatry was at first a pragmatic discipline that was part of general medicine, combining medicine and practical psychology. The work of Emil Kraepelin laid the foundations of scientific psychiatry, but was derailed by the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud. For many years, Freudian theories dominated psychiatric thinking.
The discovery of lithium carbonate as a treatment for bipolar disorder, followed by the development of fields such as molecular biology and tools such as brain imaging has led to psychiatry re-discovering its origins in physical and observational medicine without losing sight of its humane dimension.
Unlike most other areas of medicine, there is a politicised anti-psychiatry movement that opposes the practices of, and in some cases the existence of, psychiatry. Some opponents of psychiatry state that selective financing by large multinational drug companies of both high ranking professional psychiatrists, research and educational material has led the practice of psychiatry to be subversively, and in some cases inhumanely, misled. These claims are strongly contested by psychiatrists.
Psychiatrists in fiction
Links moved from medicine, to be sorted and explained:
Bipolar disorder -- Depression -- Mental Retardation -- Schizophrenia -- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- More
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Medscape - Psychiatry
Full-text psychiatry articles and resources.
Hundreds of psychiatry related links with a few unusual ones, annotated.
Lundbeck Psychiatry Online
Offering information, literature, news, and events for general practitioners, specialists and the public.
The Dark Side of Psychiatry
Links to articles and critical documents on neuropsychiatry.
Provides basic and jargon-free information on how to improve awareness, storage of memories and retrieval of memories.
Medical news and information in psychiatry from current medical journals, for psychiatrists and other physicians. Updated daily and available on the web or by email newsletter.
National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems
NAPHS offers advocacy, clinical, financial, and administrative resources for psychiatric patients and providers while working to coordinate a full spectrum of psychiatric treatment services.
Netherlands PTSD Treatment Center
Foundation Centrum '45 offers out-patient and day-care therapy for victims of war and political violence.
St. John of God Hospital Stillorgan
Located in Stillorgan, Dublin. Assessment programs for numerous psychiatric disorders.
Emergency Psychiatry Service Handbook
The University of Iowa provides this handbook of use to psychiatrists in training and others.
Psychoneuroendocrinology Research Group
Describes current research studies for mood and dual diagnosis disorders at Southwestern Medical in Dallas, Texas.
Consultation and Liaison Manual
A model and manual developed in Australia to assist mental health services staff and General Practitioners work together more efficiently.
Personalized resource focused on psychiatry, with a mix of topical news, congress information, education, and interactive features in schizophrenia, depression, dementia.
Psychiatry Information for the Public
Includes information, diagnosis, definitions, mental health criteria, screening tests, medication, psychiatric disorders, treatment, self-help advice presented in easy to understand, popularized language in this NYU Department of Psychiatry web site.
Richard Cole explains Austen Riggs
The Center, as described by fomer patient Richard Cole.
Psychiatry 24x7 for the UK
Contains resources for, with specific focus, on schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder and anxiety. Provides live psychiatry news links, education, ecards, quizzes and polls.
Find a Psychiatrist Directory
A commercial site with a directory of psychiatrists in the U.S.. Free to the public. Free and paid listings for psychiatrists.
Mark Levy MD
What's new in Forensic Psychiatry? Extensive resource, continually updated.
The Official Ranking of US Psychiatry Residency Departments
Official ranking of psychiatry residency departments according to their NIH funding. These departments include specialists in bipolar affect disorder, schizophrenia, depression, ECT and other disorders.
Psychiatric revision site for trainees in all disciplines. Predominently for mental health professionals.
At Health Medicine Cabinet
Information about medications used to treat mental disorders, descriptions of mental health disorders.
Affect and Script Theory Resources
Various resources that deal with the psychological theory called 'Affect Theory' as developed by Donald Nathanson and Silvan S. Tomkins. Includes links to 'Real Justice' and Resorative Practices and links to online discussions.
Family Practice Notebook: Psychiatry
Comprehensive database of psychiatric disorders.
General Practice Notebook - Psychiatry
Coverage of this medical speciality.
The Ninth Street Center
An electronic version of the real Ninth Street Center, which is dedicated to the ground breaking work of Paul Rosenfels in developing a science of human nature.
Help and information on a wide range of mental health issues including depression, anxiety, stress, eating disorders, and addictions.