Garbage is an international rock group formed in 1993 by Shirley Manson, Butch Vig, Steve Marker, and Duke Erikson. Vig, the producer of such influential albums as Nirvana's Nevermind and the Smashing Pumpkins' Siamese Dream decided he wanted to play in a band and asked fellow producers Marker and Erikson to join him. After the group saw Shirley Manson on MTV (from her careers with Goodbye, Mr. MacKenzie and Angelfish), they asked her to join the band. The band derived its name from their use of seemingly unusable noise in their songs.
- This article is about the rock band. For information on byproducts of processes, see waste.
Garbage's angry, emotional lyrics contrasted with their catchy, pop alternative rock music. This made the band particularly popular with disaffected youths. Garbage utilizes samples, electronic loops, grungy guitars, and various other effects to produce haunting and melodic tracks, made distinctive by Scots singer Shirley Manson's sultry vocals.
Garbage released a string of increasingly-successful singles over the year 1995, culminating in the massive hit "Stupid Girl". They released their debut album, Garbage, later that year. It went top 20 in the US and top 10 in the United Kingdom.
Garbage spent two years working on their follow-up album, during which time Shirley Manson became well-known by the technologically savvy by being one of the first artists to maintain a blog. "Push It" was released and became a summer hit in 1998, reaching #9 in the UK and #52 in the US. The sophomore album Version 2.0 topped the charts in the UK and hit #13 in the US. In 1999, they performed the theme song to the James Bond movie The World Is Not Enough.
After again retreating into the studio for several years, Garbage released beautifulgarbage in 2001. While it represented the band's most eclectic and mature sound to date, it contained no standout commercial singles. Hence, no songs charted in the US, and the four singles released charted in the 20s in the UK. Still, the album managed to reach #6 in the UK and #13 in the US, though it quickly slid down the charts. Garbage followed the album up with a successful tour of the US and Europe.
Garbage's next album, of working title Hands on a Hard Body, is expected in summer 2004.
Source | Copyright
Webmasters: Add your website here:
Readers: Edit |
Richard Jones' Garbage Collection Page
Richard Jones wrote Garbage Collection: Algorithms for Automatic Dynamic Memory Management", the first English book concerned solely with garbage collection. Garbage collection page has an FAQ, and a large bibliography.
Paul Wilson's Garbage Collection Archive
A collection of papers on garbage collection, memory allocation, and the like from the OOPS Research Group at the University of Texas at Austin. Includes papers from the OOPSLA Workshops on Garbage Collection in 1990, 1991, and 1993.
ALI group at UMass
Group at UMass that includes the Object Systems Laboratory, an active memory management research group.
The GC-LIST FAQ
A draft FAQ for the Garbage Collection mailing list. Contains a list of algorithms and techniques, related jargon, language interfaces, and challenging problems such as threading, distributed objects, persistency, and "uncooperative environments".
Dynamic Storage Allocation and Memory Management Information Repository
Information about explicit allocation mechanisms such as malloc/free and automatic storage reclamation algorithms such as garbage collection. Maintained by Ben Zorn of Microsoft Research (formerly at the University of Colorado in Boulder).
A garbage collector for C/C++ (Hans Boehm)
Hans Boehm's page on the widely used Boehm-Demers-Weiser conservative garbage collector for C/C++. The Boehm-Demers-Weiser conservative garbage collector can be used as a garbage collecting replacement for C malloc or C++ new. It is also used by a number of programming language implementations that use C as intermediate code.
A graphical utility that allows you to watch a program allocate and free dynamic memory blocks, increasing your understanding of memory.
OOPSLA'97 GC and MM Workshop
Contains links to the papers presented at the 1997 OOPSLA Workshop on Garbage Collection and Memory Management.
OOPS Group Publications
Papers from Paul Wilson's research group at the University of Texas at Austin.
The Memory Management Reference
A resource for programmers and computer scientists interested in memory management and garbage collection. Includes a fairly comprehensive bibliography of influential authors and papers in the field. Links to a glossary and a beginner's guide to the field.
A Memory Allocator
Article by Doug Lea about the design of his well-known "Lea" memory allocator.
ISMM: The 2004 International Symposium on Memory Management
Conference focused on research in management of dynamically allocated memory.
The Hoard Multiprocessor Memory Allocator
Hoard is a fast, scalable and memory-efficient malloc-replacement for multithreaded applications on multiprocessors. Widely-used, open-source.
Wolfram Gloger's malloc homepage
Links to ptmalloc, a multithreaded-variant of Doug Lea's memory allocator.
Parallel and Distributed Garbage Collectors
A parallel and distributed extension of the BDW conservative collector.
A debug heap for *nix. Captures buffer overwrites, memory leaks, stale pointers, most buffer underflows, and can provide statistics on block sizes.
Malloc replacement with debugging features.
Garbage Collection & Memory Management Summer School
20-21 July 2004 Canterbury, UK.