Artificial beingAn artificial being is a term used to describe a machine intelligence that evolves out of existing infrastructure, as opposed to being deliberately designed and built that way.
The term is used typically to contrast approaches in discussion with artificial intelligence (AI), where machine intelligence is the deliberate aim of the work. To date AI has been unable to create a "true" machine intelligence, but much of this appears to be due to a misunderstanding, or underevaluation, of the term "intelligence".
It appears that human intelligence evolved once a critical event at an uncertain level of complexity in the brain was reached, a so-called emergent behaviour. Users of the term artificial being suggest that emergent_algorithms will evolve machine intelligence in the same way, and is unlikely to be the result of deliberate design.
The true difference, if any, between the two terms is somewhat unclear, and it is used mostly to illustrate that a particular approach is not "classical" due to the negative connotations AI has garnered over the years.
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Hitch-Hiker's Guide to Evolutionary Computation
The FAQ for comp.ai.genetic, the genetic computing newsgroup.
The Temple of Alife
A good designed site with many interactive applets introducing you to artificial life.
Artificial Life: Links and Literature
Collected by Kerstin Dautenhahn.
Promotes the artificial life community by offering news, discussions, polls, software. Free registration.
Aritificial Life FAQ
From the newsgroup comp.ai.alife.
Ms Guidance on Artificial Life
Links and resources.
An overview essay on some aspects of artificial life.
Artificial Life: Some Collections
Links to new research and emerging issues.
A group project exploring living 3D asthetic worlds.
Artificial Life Guide
Stewart Dean's introduction to artificial life.
ISAAC and EINSTein
An AL approach to land warfare. Windows beta software, images and project documentation.
Geb - Evolving AI-Life
Alastair Channon's artificial life project.
Artificial Life links: research groups, individuals, institutions, resource pages, software - tools, simulation and analysis packages, and bibliographies.
New Scientist: AI and A-Life
A authoritative guide to the topics from the UK science magazine.
CALresCo - Complexity and Alife Research and information
CALResCo promotes free world-wide education about Complex Systems
Artificial Life OnLine 2.0
An Artificial Life Community, combining different information resources on both the academic and amateur alife research.
Lotus Artificial Life
Contains various java applications related to artificial life.
Artificial Life by Jpr
Some of the main alife topics illustrated by applets or applications. A link section is also available.
comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
comp.ai.alife Frequently Asked Questions
EvoWeb - European Network of Excellence in Evolutionary Computing
Comprehensive information resources for the field of evolutionary computing.
Artificial Intelligence - Artificial Life
Links to artificial life/intelligence projects, with a collection of links including swarming Java applets.
Artificial Life Links
Erik Max Francis' categorized list of links to sites regarding artificial life and related fields.
Boids: A Distributed Behavioral Model
Simulations of group motion in flocks, herds, and schools, along with related phenomena. Includes many links to related applications and research, e.g. Artificial Life.
ATR - Human Information Processing Research Labs
Home of Tierra, "Robokoneko" (robot child cat) and some of the most exciting real world alife work around.
Digital Biology was established in order to conduct research into, and develop technology based on, artificial life.
Artificial Life and Other Experiments
Artificial life and genetic algorithm experiments in java and tcl with free source code; 3D doll pictures and web design experiments.
CALT Encyclopedia -- Artificial Life
A collection of resources related to artificial life. Includes a section for social sciences (social micro-simulation)
An extensive list of alife resources compiled by Lachlan Cranswick.
Artificial Life Games
Developer of artificial life games as free software with open source code - download the game and source code.
International Society for Adaptive Behavior
An international scientific society devoted to education and furthering research on adaptive behavior in animals, animats, software agents, and robots.
A sourceforge project for a combination game and simulation that allows interaction with simple artificial ants.
Genetic Algorithms and Artificial Life Resources
A list maintained at Carleton University.