A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, and usually of a somewhat limited size, which is typically set aside for the display, cultivation and enjoyment of nature. The garden allows a person or persons to develop slowly and personally a relationship with the space. That relationship is of a personal nature and may take many forms. Among these:
The garden generally incorporates natural, as well as man-made materials. In its most common form, known as a residential garden, it is found adjacent to or near to a residence, and it functions as an outdoor "room". In the same manner as an indoor space can function in many different ways, depending on a variety of factors, so too can a garden have many purposes; among these are aesthetic, functional and recreative purposes. The purpose of a garden will greatly affect its usage and design.
- Cooperation with nature
- Observance of nature
- Family dinners on the terrace
- Children playing in the yard
- Reading in the hammock
- Puttering in the flowerbeds
- Pottering in the shed
- Basking in warm sunshine
These general characteristics of the garden can be compared to other spaces as follows:
The garden is designed at "human scale", as it is most often intended for private, semiprivate or limited use. These characteristics are not hard and fast. For example, the garden of a castle or of a large estate may be larger than a public park in a village, and may well produce foodstuff. A publicly accessible garden will be open to the public, and may be highly trafficked.
- A landscape is an outdoor natural space of a larger scale often considered from a distance.
- A park is a planned outdoor space, usually of a larger size, intended for public or semi-public use.
- An arboretum is a planned outdoor space, usually of a larger size, intended for the display and study of trees.
- A farm or orchard is intended for the production of food stuff.
Gardening is the activity of growing and maintaining the garden's vegetation. This work may be done by a professional gardener. A gardener might work in a non-garden setting, such as a park, a roadside embankment, or another public space, and might also perform other activities, unrelated to the garden's vegetation.
Garden planning and design
Garden planning and design may be undertaken by a professional. A landscape architect is a trained, certified and registered professional who can plan and actualize a wide variety of outdoor spaces. A garden designer is usually trained to plan and actualize residential gardens.
Regardless if planned and designed by a professional or a non-professional, including the owner of the property, consideration must be given to many factors. Among these are:
Elements of a garden
- Intended purpose
- Existing conditions
- Financial constraints
- Maintenance implications
Types of gardens
Gardens are often categorized by a particular style, function or their extensive use of particular plants. Because gardens are a personal expression, they often cross the bounds of these categories by mixing elements of the various types. Below are some common garden types:
Gardens may feature a particular plant or plant type:
Gardens may feature a particular style or aesthetic:
Gardens may function in a particular manner:
- Cactus garden
- Rose garden
- Wildflower garden
History of gardens
See history of gardens page.
Gardens in literature
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American Canopy Inc.
Manufactures clear span metal canopies in Tampa, Fl. Also produces custom canopies for businesses and homes of canvas, galvanized metal or aluminum.
Kord Products Inc.
Manufactures and supplies a wide variety of horticultural and nursery containers.
Manufacturer of commercial and retail grass trimmer line and head. Also produces private label and special orders in Phoenix, AZ.
Manufacturers of garden products including bird boxes, bird feeders and planters.
Manufactures and distributes kiln fired decorative earthenware pottery, planters, and ironware.
Sells horticultural products, primarily to nurseries, including controlled release fertilizer, integrated pest management and custom blended products. Based in the southeastern USA.
Sucwin Trading Co.
Produces tools for a range of gardening applications in Hong Kong. Also makes barbecue tools and garden accessories.
Plant containers for office and home use.
Peterson Precast Concrete
Produces concrete rings that assemble to make many types of products including benches, tables, fountains, sundials and birdbaths. Site lists distributors and franchising details.
Produces a large variety of cast concrete garden accessories from small statues to elaborate water fountains. Located in Greenville, SC.
California Plastic Products
Produces plastic products for home gardening use including saucers, plant supports, stakes and plant labels in Tustin, CA.
APart and Back
Ships the small engine parts needed to repair lawn and garden equipment.
Provides home garden products including watering systems, tools, stakes and ties, ponds and outdoor cooling.
Produces utility carts, lawn rollers, cultivators, fertilizer spreaders and snow blades in Jefferson, IN.
Goodwin International, Inc.
Importers of Italian terracotta, carved stone and fine garden accessories from around the world. Based in Costa Mesa, CA.
Earthenware and terra-cotta manufacturer offers planters and garden accessories. Also supplies tropical fish.
Designs in Masonry
Custom garden pathways, stepping stones, and garden art.
Dolphin Aquarium and Pet Products
Manufacturers of energy efficient water pumps, water conditioning products and natural fish foods.
Producer of lawn and garden supplies. Includes consumer information on how to identify and solve problems from insects, fungus, and weeds.
Stone and Tile Art
Etched tiles, natural rock etching, boulders for garden deco, stepping stones, and pet tombstones.
A range of plant pots - British designed and manufactured.
Marble carved traditional or Western style stone lions from Asia. Sizes from 1.5 to 10 feet high.
Gisco Tabby Hardscapes
Produce birdbaths, benches, planters, and pavers made from traditional materials in coastal Georgia.
Acquisitions Los Angeles
Offers planters, fountains, statuary products and accessories.
Australian manufacturer of sand cast aluminum weathervanes. Includes a photo and contact details.
Anthony de Grey Gardens and Trellises
Specializing in the design and supply of architectural trelliswork, structures, decking, and planters. Also offers gardening services. Based in London, England.
Manufacturer of consumer and commercial lawn mowers, tillers and tractors.
Belgian manufacturer of white stone statues, fountains and flower tubs, as well as polyester garden pools. Available in English, Dutch, and French.
French manufacturer of mini, portable, backpack and motorized sprayers. Available in English and French.
Italian manufacturer of wooden lattices, arches, trellises, and flower boxes.
BG Pottery Sdn Bhd
Malaysian manufacturer and exporter of ceramic flower pots.
New Zealand manufacturer of growing mediums, mulches and decorative aggregates. Includes tips and a message board.
MTD Products Inc.
Manufactures outdoor power equipment including garden tractors, lawn trimmers and mowers.
Advanced Misting Systems
Solutions for dust control, odor control and humidity control with our cooling fans, garden accessories and powerful cooling systems.
Creative Mist Systems
a leading manufacturer of innovative misting systems for outdoor cooling, fog effects, special effects, odor control and dust control.
Nags Head Hammocks
Manufacturer of hammocks and swinging seats.
Rapid Cool Misting Systems
Manufactures outdoor misting systems that cool the air.
Manufacturer of hammocks and hamaca products. Contents in English and Spanish. Based in Miami, Florida.
Apollo Plastics Ltd.
Manufactures waste collection receptacles, self watering planters and mounting deck planters.
Hand carved marble fountains, statuary, gazebos, figurines and urns.
Green Sources Enterprises Limited
Watering can, garden tool, plastic flower pot, iron garden furniture, and garden wire ware manufacturer and exporter in China.
Giu Yo Industrial Co., Ltd.
Manufacturer of lawn and garden sprayers, sprinklers, nozzles, pistol hose nozzles, brass connectors, water triggers and brass nozzles.
Winland Garden Tools Co.
Manufacturer of garden tools, including pruning shears, grass shears, and garden tool sets.
Brown & Wiser, Inc.
Wholesaler of lawn and garden equipment and supplies.
Producing lawn and garden products.
Stadium Tailgater Barbeque
A towable barbeque for recreational cooking and commercial catering alike. Good for "tailgating," or public events were a professional cooking platform is needed.
Big League Lawns, LLC.
Manufacturer of molded rubber lawn striping attachments for mowers. FAQs, photos and contact details.
Richgro Garden Products
Supplying fertilisers, pest control products and growing media to gardening outlets, professional landscapers and consumers. Includes company profile and a gardening guide to download. Jandakot, Western Australia.
G D Plastics
Manufactures and distributes irrigation and reticulation products, as well as water filtration units for use in the home. Product details and company news. Perth, Western Australia.
Alba Krapf AG
Swiss manufacturer of garden tools, saw horses, tree stands, and hose reels.
Produces metal whirligigs for wholesale distribution. Located in Texas.
Rodent baits and dispensers and soil enhancers.
Manufacturer and supplier of umbrella type clothespoles in Dublin, Ireland.
Accessories and products to assist in organizing gardens and back yards. Includes lockers, sheds, and storage bins.
Manufacturer and exporter of handwoven fabric hammocks. Offers photo gallery. Karur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Produces and markets sprayers for consumers, designed for garden and DIY applications. Products are made under the trademarks: Berthoud, Tecnoma, Perras and Rcm.
Manufactures stainless steel home and garden items.
Ultimate Tool Group
Manufacturers and distributors of home and garden tools for the wholesale and retail market.
Manufacturer of outdoor power equipment including trimmers, chippers, mowers and stump grinders. Site includes customer service, dealer locator and product comparisons.
Manufactures plastic pots, planter boxes and vases for plants.
Manufacturers of commercial lawn and garden equipment.
Texas manufacturer of lawn edgers for home or commercial use. Also produces equipment for cutting boundary and yard lines in athletic field turf.
Bend Tarp and Liner, Inc.
Manufactures and repairs industrial and commercial liners, pond liners, containment bladders, and tarps for varied uses.
Droll Yankees Inc.
Produces bird feeders in Foster, RI. for sale through retail outlets.
Jacob's Musical Chimes
Maker of perfectly tuned traditional and miniature wind chimes for gardens and gifts.
Heinrich Zangenberg GmbH and Co.
Manufacturer of patio umbrellas and advertising umbrellas. Many different kinds from aluminum to wooden frame.
Glamos Wire Products
Manufacturer and distributor in Hugo, Minnesota, USA. Produces a variety of lawn, garden and floral wire products, heavy-duty tomato cages, and wire fencing.
A large manufacturer of lawnmowers and snowblowers. Site includes product information, dealer locations and customer support.
Prosperity Native Manufacturing Company
Manufactures and exports bamboo stakes, wire hanging baskets, and other wire products for gardening. Located in Hong Kong.
North Country Wind Bells
Manufacturers of handcrafted metal, nautical-related and garden items. Located in Round Pond, MA.
Sierra Space Heating Ltd.
Manufactures gas radiant heating for gardens, decks and patios.
Produces park approved precast concrete products like outhouses, benches and picnic tables in Canada.
Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply, Inc.
Indianapolis company specializing in the manufacturing of shredded hardwood bark and wood mulches.
The Maine Bucket Co.
Manufacturers of hundreds of unique handmade wooden items for the home and garden.
Better Methods Europe Ltd.
A UK based company that produces and distributes turf care hand tools for leveling and maintaining lawns for field sports.
Produces a gardening tool that uses unwanted newspaper to make planting pots.
Rocky Mountain Tufa Ltd.
A Canadian company specializing in the mining, wholesaling and retailing of tufa rock and products for landscaping and alpine gardens.
Ho Cheng Garden Tools Co. Ltd.
Produces gardening tools and accessories including shears, hand tools and cutters in Taiwan.
Campania International Inc.
Produces cast stone, polyethylene and terra cotta garden decor including planters, bird baths, benches and fountains.